Solar Power Plants, Drniš, Croatia

Local people and municipality representatives opposed the project of building solar power plants in the vicinity of the town of Drniš.

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Šibenik-Knin County is one among the sunniest regions in South Europe. This regional potential attracted many investors interested in building solar power plants around the town of Drniš. In 2012, Croatian private companies Soladria, Ekosolar and Meritum Inžinjering proposed building of 3 solar power plants of 3,5 ha each, two near village Kaočine and one in the village Radonjić. The Šibenik-Knin County Department for spatial planning declined to issue the building permit to the investors; however the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection abolished the county’s decision, equating a solar power plant with any other type of infrastructure. Local citizens together with municipality representatives opposed the project and demanded an assessment of the effects of a project on the environment, people and local economy, particularly agriculture and rural tourism. The hunters society from Drniš added that wildlife crossing and water intakes of drinking water located in the area of village Kaočine and near NP Krka would also be disrupted by the solar power plants. Finally, the Drniš City Council came up with a decision that prohibits selection of the locations for solar power plants without agreement of the town of Drniš authorities, as well as until the new town spatial plan is being published. In August 2015 the owner of SolTech company announced construction of a solar power plant in Drniš. As per information from March 2016, SolTech has been looking for a project investor.  </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Solar Power Plants, Drniš, Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/croatia">Croatia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Šibenik-Knin County</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Drniš, Kaočine, Radonjić</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mega-project solar plants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">3 solar power plant, 3.5 ha each </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">Total area of 150 ha of the town of Drniš was planned for solar power plants.<br/><br/>The solar power plant currently under construction will be of 50-60 MW.<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>150</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>68,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>600</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2012</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/soladria'>Soladria</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Investor in the solar power plants</small><br /><a href='/company/ekosolar'>Ekosolar</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Investor in the solar power plants</small><br /><a href='/company/meritum-inzinjering'>Meritum inžinjering</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Investor in the solar power plants</small><br /><a href='/company/soltech-solar-technology'>SolTech (Solar Technology) <small>(SolTech)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Project developer, consultant, designer and contractor on the Drniš solar power plant project</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The City of Drniš; Community Council of Kaočine; Community Council of Radonjić; The Šibenik-Knin County Department for Spatial Planning ; The Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection of Republic of Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Citizens, villagers and Community Councils of Kaočine and Radonjić; Youth council of the town of Drniš; Hunting society "Kamenjarka" Drniš</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Recreational users<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Hunters </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public panel discussion </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Under negotiation<br /> Application of existing regulations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The opponents of the project demanded moving the solar power plants location further away from the Kaočine and Radonjić villages, as well as the EIAs for each of the proposed locations.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The Drniš City Council prohibited construction of the solar power plants until new spatial plan of the city is being published. As per newspaper article from August 2015 and March 2016, a 50 MW solar power plant will be constructed in the village of Oklanj (only 15km from Kaočine). There is no information if local people have reacted on the selection of new location. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> 'Nećemo solarne elektrane! Oće li nam ovce past staklo?'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="Šibenik/tabid/74/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/170209/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Nema dozvola za sunčeve elektrane dok se ne donesu izmjene i dopune PP Grada Drniša<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Na cijelom jugoistoku Europe drniški kraj najbolji za solarne elektrane<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> OBNOVLJIVA ENERGIJA: U Drnišu se gradi najveća solarna elektrana u Dalmaciji<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> OBNOVLJIVA ENERGIJA: U Drnišu se gradi najveća solarna elektrana u Dalmaciji<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> DRUGA NAJVEĆA SOLARNA ELEKTRANA U EU GRADIT ĆE SE KOD OKLAJA? Projekt zagrebačke tvrtke od 60 milijuna eura<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>16/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>