Tarda agricultural farming in Tana River Delta

Description

Tana and Athi Rivers Development Authority (TARDA) together with Mumias Sugar Company Ltd (MSCL) came into an agreement to undertake sugarcane growing and ethanol production in the Tana Delta on 20,000 ha of the 40,000 ha land owned by TARDA.

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Basic Data
NameTarda agricultural farming in Tana River Delta
CountryKenya
ProvinceCoast Province
SiteTana River District
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Wetlands and coastal zone management
Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Other
Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants
Specific CommoditiesLand
Sugar
Ethanol
Rice
Corn/Maize
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTARDA and MSCL intend to undertake sugarcane farming in the Tana Delta on 40,000 ha of land. TARDA had earlier initiated rice and maize farming on the land as a response to Kenyas drought and food shortage, which failed.

The projects aims at creating 25,000 jobs, saving the countrys foreign exchange through direct import substitution on industrial sugar and earning foreign exchange through involvement of small holders.

The projects ultimate goal is to help MSCL reduce its dependence on a single region, Western Kenya for its sugar by exploring a more productive region; and thus helping bridge the national sugar production deficit, which currently stands at 200,000 tonnes annually.

Project Area (in hectares)20,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date12/2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesMumias Sugar Company Ltd from Kenya
Relevant government actorsTana and Athi Rivers Development Authority (TARDA); -The Ministry of Water and Irrigation;, Water Resources Management Authority;, National Environment Management Authority;, Ministry of Agriculture;, Kenya Forest Service;, Kenya Wildlife Service.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEast African Wild Life Society;, Nature Kenya;, Kenya Wetlands Forum;, Kenya Forests Working Group;, Tana Delta Conservation Organization;, Wema-Ngatana Farmers Cooperative Society;, Lower Tana Delta Conservation Trust;, Tana Delta Pastoralists Initiative;, ARocha Kenya;, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds;, BirdLife international, Action Aid;, DFID UKAid.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Pastoralists
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Repression
Under negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Though 32 villages are still settled in the land, the project is still in operation.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Constitution of the Republic of Kenya, 2010;

Forests Act, 2005;

Forest Policy;

Wildlife (Conservation and Management) Act of 1976 ;

Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act (EMCA) of 1999;

Environmental Policy;Water Act, 2002;

Water Policy (National Policy on Water Resources Management);

The Agriculture Act, Cap 318;

The Local Government Act, Cap 265;

The Fisheries Act, Cap 378

Ramsar Convention 1971

References

COAST PROVINCE, KENYA (Land Allocation Reference No. 106796 of 17.1.1995)'
[click to view]

EIA part 2
[click to view]

Mumia Sugar Company report 'ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) STUDY REPORT FOR THE PROPOSED TANA INTEGRATED SUGAR PROJECT IN TANA RIVER AND LAMU DISTRICTS,

Links

; 'No end in sight for TARDA project'
[click to view]

[click to view]

Royal Society Protection of Birds:
[click to view]

Arocha Kenya:
[click to view]

Birdlife:
[click to view]

Business Daily Africa, 'MP backs Mumias on Tana River cane plan'
[click to view]

World Rainforest Movement
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update08/04/2014
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