Tectona monoculture tree plantations, Mozambique

Description

Companys aim is produce timber and carbon credits. It arrived in 2007. Final destination of the raw material will be India. Members of the Magar, Macuacua, and Cotchi communities in the District of Guru were very dissatisfied with the company and are willing to claim their land.

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Basic Data
NameTectona monoculture tree plantations, Mozambique
CountryMozambique
ProvinceZambezia
Sitedistricts of Guru, Milonga and Namorri
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesCellulose
Carbon offsets
Eucalyptus
Teak
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)66,000 ha (plan)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population38 communities
Company Names or State EnterprisesGlobal Solidarity Forest Fund (GSFF) from Sweden - it is funded by Swedish and Norwegian Lutheran churches, and also the Dutch investment fund ABP is a partner.
Tectona Forest of Zambezia from Mozambique - it is owned by GSFF (Global solidarity forest fund)
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Mozambique: it concedes the land concession , declaration that concedes the right to use and profit from the land
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersUNAC (National Union of Peasants of Mozambique ) and Justicia Ambiental (Friends of the Earth Mozambique) made a preliminary report on land grabbing in Mozambique where the information of this case is based on
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Still no concrete results
Sources and Materials
References

Lemos, A. (coord.), 2011. Lords of the Land: preliminary analysis of the phenomenon of land grabbing in Mozambique. Justia Ambiental and UNAC, Maputo.

Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014
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