Eucalyptus plantations in São Luiz do Paraitinga, São Paulo, Brazil


Description
São Luiz do Paraitinga is a city located in the Paraíba Valley and is an area that have been suffering a process of changes in the use of the soil for the economic activities. Historically, the agriculture of smallholders was the main activity of the city. The city have strong traditional and culture related to the land and was safeguard of the countryside culture [1].
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Basic Data
NameEucalyptus plantations in São Luiz do Paraitinga, São Paulo, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceSão Paulo
SiteSão Luiz do Paraitinga
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesCellulose
Timber
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
- The eucalyptus plantation covered 8,95% of the total area of the São Luiz in the 1990s (5.527 ha);
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Project Area (in hectares)61,700
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date25/11/2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesNobrecel from Brazil
Votorantim Group from Brazil
Suzano Papel e Celulose and Suzano Renewable Energy from Brazil
Relevant government actorsPublic Ministry, Court of Justice of São Paulo, Court of Justice of Taubaté
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersLandless Movement (MST), Small Farmers Movement (MDPA), several urban social organizations and trade unions.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingInformal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
OtherTOLEDO, M. H. S. O impacto da plantação extensiva de eucalipto nas culturas tradicionais: Estudo de caso de São Luis do Paraitinga, SP. Cadernos IHUideias, ano 10, n. 167, 2012. Available at: http://www.ihu.unisinos.br/images/stories/cadernos/ideias/167cadernosihuideias.pdf

DE LA TORRE, W. G. Ação Civil Pública com Pedido de Liminar. Taubaté: Defensoria Pública do Estado de São Paulo. Defensoria Regional de Taubaté, 2008. Available at: http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/15799203/261655944/name/ACP_EUCALIPTOS_CATU%C3%87ABA.pdf
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherDE LA TORRE, W. G. Ação Civil Pública com Pedido de Liminar. Taubaté: Defensoria Pública do Estado de São Paulo. Defensoria Regional de Taubaté, 2008. Available at: http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/15799203/261655944/name/ACP_EUCALIPTOS_CATU%C3%87ABA.pdf
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Displacement
Potential: Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The project of expansion of the eucalyptus plantations has been stopped for now (by the Justice - as result of several process that have been promoted by the social movement and victims [2] ), but as several academic researchers have shown, the expansion of the plantations continues [4,11,12].
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Civil Public Action of the Public Ministry in the state of São Paulo
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References

[1] BRANDÃO, C. Partilha da Vida. São Paulo: Cabral Editora, 1995
[2] TOLEDO, M. H. S. O impacto da plantação extensiva de eucalipto nas culturas tradicionais: Estudo de caso de São Luis do Paraitinga, SP. Cadernos IHUideias, ano 10, n. 167, 2012.
[3] Silveira, P. C. B. Etnografia da paisagem: natureza, cultura e hibridismo em São Luiz do Paraitinga. Dissertação (Mestrado). Campinas: UNICAMP, 2008
[4] Cantinho, R. Z.; Salgado, M. P. G.; Batista, G. T. Análise da expansão do eucalipto no município de São Luis do Paraitinga, SP, Brasil. Anais XV Simpósio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto - SBSR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil, 30 de abril a 05 de maio de 2011, INPE.
[5] Veiga, D. A Recriação e (re) produção camponesa em São Luiz do Paraitinga- SP. Reencuentro de saberes territoriales latinoamericanos, Perú, 2013.
[6] http://www.conflitoambiental.icict.fiocruz.br/index.php?pag=ficha&cod=243
[7] http://reporterbrasil.org.br/2009/07/eucalipto-avanca-em-sao-luiz-do-paraitinga-e-gera-reacoes/
[8] http://www.redebrasilatual.com.br/revistas/46/deserto-verde
[9] http://www.conflitoambiental.icict.fiocruz.br/index.php?pag=ficha&cod=243
[10] http://sao-paulo.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,tj-sp-suspende-plantio-de-eucalipto-no-interior-de-sp,137906
[11] OLIVEIRA, L. E. A expansão da monocultura do eucalipto e as implicações socioambientais no Município de São Luis do Paraitinga: Um estudo de caso. Dissertação (Mestrado). Programa de Pós Graduação em Planejamento Urbano e Regional da UNIVAP. São José dos Campos: 2011.
[12] Arguello, F. V. P. Expansão do eucalipto no trecho paulista da bacia hidrográfica Paraíba do Sul. 2010. 79 p. Dissertação (Mestrado), Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais of the Taubaté University. Taubaté, 2010.

Links

TOLEDO, M. H. S. O impacto da plantação extensiva de eucalipto nas culturas tradicionais: Estudo de caso de São Luis do Paraitinga, SP. Cadernos IHUideias, ano 10, n. 167, 2012.
[click to view]

DE LA TORRE, W. G. Ação Civil Pública com Pedido de Liminar. Taubaté: Defensoria Pública do Estado de São Paulo. Defensoria Regional de Taubaté, 2008.
[click to view]

Media Links

Eucalyptus plantation surrounding the São Luiz do Paraitinga municipality
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Other Documents

Rural property surrounded for eucalyptus Rural property sorrounded for eucalyptus, when the poisoning by herbicides applied in the eucalyptus occurred (Picture by: Marcelo Toledo)
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Meta Information
ContributorNatalia D. Tadeu, University of São Paulo (GovAmb - USP)
Last update12/01/2015
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