São Luiz do Paraitinga is a city located in the Paraíba Valley and is an area that have been suffering a process of changes in the use of the soil for the economic activities. Historically, the agriculture of smallholders was the main activity of the city. The city have strong traditional and culture related to the land and was safeguard of the countryside culture .
The eucalyptus arrives in the municipality of São Luiz do Paraitinga, São Paulo (Brazil) for the governmental incentives during the military dictatorial period, in first years of the 1970 decade .
In this city have been occurred a reforestation by pulp mill industries that have increasing the eucalyptus plantations to the cellulose production. There are three large production industries in the region – Votorantim, Suzano and Nobrecel    .
The local residents, academic researchers, politicians and social movements denounced a several impacts caused by the eucalyptus monoculture in the region. In 2007 was presented a Civil Public Action against the Votorantim and Suzano companies, by a public defender form de Taubaté municipality. In this document several environmental and social impacts was denounced, like the contamination of water and the superficial water flow reduction  .
According to the Public Defender that proposed two Public Civil Actions after the social movements denunciations, the Nobrecel company use the herbicide Scout, produced by Monsanto. After many cases of heath, ecosystem and rural productions dams, in 2007 several social movements started a protest against the use of herbicides in the eucalyptus plantations, denouncing the monoculture expansion and asked for a Public intervention  .
The movements asked for the punishment of the three paper and mill industries for all the social and environmental dams based in the monoculture model, disrespecting the working rights, reduction of the food production and the agrochemicals use .
In 2008, the Court of Justice of São Paulo determined the suspension of the expansion of eucalyptus plantation while the Environmental Impact Assessment was realized and prove that there are not significant impacts  .
In 2009, the Court of Justice of Taubaté decided to stop the wood cut and transportation inside the buffer zone of the Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (a Conservancy Unit) until the presentation of the Environmental Impact Assessment  .
The study of Cantinho et al  investigated if this public decision are being respected and showed that there is a continuous expansion of the eucalyptus plantations in the area. Just like was showed for Arguello , where is possible to see that the permanent protected areas are not being respected too.