Tours-Bordeaux LGV, France

The French LGV between Tours and Bordeaux is not a perfect story. There is impact on the territory (in theory compensated by new green spaces) and much noise pollution.


Description

The new LGV construction between Tours and Bordeaux is a huge project of 302 kilometers which permits many advantages. In a first place, this project has to permit a more efficient link between the territory and the European capitals like Paris, London or Amsterdam. Inaugurated in July 2017, the construction was built for 5 years as from 2012. However, a huge project like this one includes also many ecological problems and questionable ethics. 

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Basic Data
NameTours-Bordeaux LGV, France
CountryFrance
ProvinceWest France
SiteBordeaux-Tours
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Water
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe LGV Tours-Bordeaux is part of an extension of the TGV in France, from Tours to Bordeaux and from Bordeaux to Toulouse. It was inaugurated in 2017.It was recognised that 3,500 hectares of forest and agricultural lands would be damaged in the lign Tours-Bordeaux, and that this would be "compensated for" by new green spaces. Another main complaints was the noise produced by the high speed trains.
Project Area (in hectares)3,500
Level of Investment (in USD)9,000,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population113 municipalities
Start Date01/01/2017
Company Names or State EnterprisesBouygues Travaux Publics from France
Vinci Construction from France
Relevant government actorsFrench government, Minister for the Environment.

European Union
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development (ERBD)
French government from France
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociation France Nature Environnement.

Aquitaine :

Fédération SEPANSO Aquitaine (fédération regroupant 41 associations de protection de l’environnement adhérentes ou affiliées),

Fédération Aquitaine Alternatives

Occitanie :

Alternative LGV Midi-Pyrénées (regroupant 12 associations),

Association Actival

Lot-et-Garonne :

Coordination 47 (regroupant 10 associations),

Association Très Grande Vigilance en Albret,

Association Très Grande Vigilance du Bruilhois et de l’Agenais

Association de Sauvegarde des Landes et Coteaux de Gascogne

Landes :

Association Les Amis de la Terre Landes,

Association de Coordination des Citoyens et Riverains Landais (ACCRIL)

Pays Basque :

Collectif des Associations de Défense de l’Environnement (CADE) (regroupant 58 associations de défense de l’environnement du Pays basque et du sud des Landes).

Gironde :

Association Les Amis du Barthos,

Association Landes Environnement Attitude (LEA),

Association Landes Graves Palus Environnement (LGPE),

Association Sauvons notre Espace de Vie et notre Environnement (SEVE),

Association Vive la forêt,

Association Naturjalles,

Association Bassin d’Arcachon Ecologie.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Noise pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of AlternativesThe project was qualified by opposing nature-protection groups as a Grand Projet Inutile Imposé (GPII), like others in Europe.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Because of the non-respect for the ecological laws, the companies in charge of the construction have to rebuild 3500 green hectares. But destruction of nature is irreversible, and the noise and other damage will continue.
Sources and Materials
References

"La ligne à grande vitesse Tours-Bordeaux va devenir la plus grande concession d'Europe" - econostrum.info, Frederic DUBRESSY, 06/17/2018
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"La LGV Tours-Bordeaux inaugurée malgré tout" - mobilicités.com, Florence GUERNALEC/AFP, 02/28/2018
[click to view]

"La LGV Tours-Bordeaux, première ligne ferrovière sous concession privée" - Le Monde économie, Eric BEZAT, 03/01/2018
[click to view]

"1 an de la LGV Paris-Bordeaux, toutes les promesses ne sont pas tenues" - France 3 Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Yleanna ROBERT, 07/02/2018
[click to view]

"Le paradoxe de la nouvelle ligne TGV Paris-Bordeaux" - Les Echos.fr, Lionel STEINMANN, 06/29/2018
[click to view]

"LGV Paris-Bordeaux : la riverains exaspérés par les nuissances sonores" - Le Figaro.fr, Emmanuelle OESTERLE, 07/25/2017
[click to view]

"Polémique autour de l'impact environmental de la LGV Paris-Bordeaux" - batiactu, Anonymous, 12/13/2016
[click to view]

"LGV Tours-Bordeaux : un massacre environmental ?" - France Bleu, Yohan NICOLAS, 12/13/2016
[click to view]

"LGV Bordeaux-Toulouse : les associations de protection de la nature interpellent Nicolas Hulot" - actu.fr, Rédaction LANGON, 03/01/2018
[click to view]

Media Links

Environ 400 personnes sont venues d'Indre-Loire, des Charentes et du département de la Vienne pour marquer leur détermination à lutter contre les nuisances sonores, esthétiques et les vibrations du TGV qui passe sur la nouvelle ligne Tours-Bordeaux. 7/10/2017.
[click to view]

Other Documents

The new LGV The new LGV is now on service and cross the French country.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorBECQUART Chloé, ESSCA, chloe.becquart@essca.eu / SEJOURNE Louis-Etienne, ESSCA, louis-etienne.sejourne@essca.eu
Last update02/12/2018
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