Touristic development of Muzil peninsula, Croatia

"The Civil Initiative for Muzil" opposes the exclusive touristic plan of giving under concessions or selling public areas in the Adriatic sea coastal zone and call for public participation in defining tourism planning.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Muzil is a small peninsula of 180 ha located at the south of the City of Pula. Until 2007 Muzil had been a military area after which it became the property of the city of Pula. After the military left the peninsula, the state put it under the control of armed soldiers to prevent its use by the citizens of Pula. The authorities decided to merge works at Muzil with large national tourist development project “Brijuni Revijera”; the project would have changed the concept of tourism in Croatia. The main idea is the development of exclusive touristic destination by giving under concessions or selling public areas in the Adriatic sea coastal zone. The urban plan proposed by the City of Pula included building of touristic resorts with 2500 beds, golf course and a small harbor on Muzil. According to the plan, the greatest share of the peninsula would be covered by a private golf course, closed for general public. The public green areas are planned on hilly parts of the peninsula, covered with dense vegetation, and therefore not easily accessible to the citizens. In 2009 the citizens of Pula organized "The Civil Initiative for Muzil" to oppose the urban plan. The initiative organized several debates and protests, and participated at the public hearing. They argued that the development of Muzil should be gradual and in accordance to the citizens’ needs, and asked to be involved in decision-making process. In August 2014, a survey on development of the peninsula was conducted among 400 participants as a part of the EU financed project “Public voices against corruption in the management of space and natural resources”. According to the survey results, the majority of citizens of Pula were against building of a golf course and demanded a referendum to decide about development of Muzil. In 2014 the State agency for management of state property (DUUDI) published a call for ideas for use of various ex-military locations and among them of Muzil. The citizens’ initiative demanded opening the area to public use, currently still under military control. They have been lobbying for political, economic and spatial autonomy of Muzil. In 2014 the citizen initiatives presented the “Muzil starter” project providing ideas on how to make temporary use of Muzil infrastructure in order to prevent its further deterioration and before a permanent optimal solution is found. "Muzil starter" was largely ignored by the local authorities and DUUDI. In 2015, the City Council of Pula presented “Spatial Plan of the County of Istria with accompanying strategic study of the environmental impact” which did not include changes demanded by the citizen of Pula. Announcement of a public call for investors has followed. There are two interested investors, American Forbes Real Estate LLC and French Boygues Batiment International, whose offers will be evaluated by the Croatian government.   </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Touristic development of Muzil peninsula, Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/croatia">Croatia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Istria County</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Pula</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Tourism Recreation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)<br /> Land acquisition conflicts<br /> Military installations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The Muzil development plan include building of: two hotels, two ports, aqua park, cinema, shopping mall, and golf course. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>170</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>224,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>60,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2007</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/brijuni-rivijera-ltd'>Brijuni Rivijera ltd. <small>(BR)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Investor and leader of the Development Programme “Brijuni Rivijera”</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The City of Pula; The Ministry of Tourism, the County of Istra; The State agency for management of state property (DUUDI)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>The Initiative for Muzil (Volim Pulu – za Muzil) https://www.facebook.com/muzil.volim.pulu?fref=ts; Zelena Istra http://www.zelena-istra.hr; Centar za mirovne studije http://www.cms.hr; Praksa zadruga Pula http://praksa.hr/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Recreational users</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Referendum other local consultations</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Land dispossession<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study<br /> State agency's public call for ideas </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The majority of citizens and "The citizen initiative for Muzil" were against the tourism development plan and demanded organizing a referendum to decide about development of Muzil. They also demanded opening the peninsula for public use. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The City Council of Pula did not include changes in “Spatial Plan of the County of Istria" as it was demanded by the citizens initiatives. In addition, the authorities have ignored the civil initiative's project "Muzil starter" and currently revise the foreign investors' offers.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Prostorno programska studija Muzil, Pula<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pula.hr/fileadmin/sadrzaji/dokumenti/leo/muzil_3lhd_ppstudija.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Projekt Muzil, Pula<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.brijunirivijera.hr/dokumenti/Projekt_Muzil.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> PRIMJEDBE NA PRIJEDLOG IZMJENA I DOPUNA PROSTORNOG PLANA ISTARSKE ŽUPANIJE S OSVRTOM NA STRATEŠKU STUDIJU UTJECAJA NA OKOLIŠ NAVEDENIH IZMJENA I DOPUNA<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.zelena-istra.hr/files/Primjedbe%20PPIZ%20SSUO%202015_0.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Novine Građanske inicijative za Muzil broj 1., godina I, siječanj 2009.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://muzil-starter.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/01_otvorenimuzil_web.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> AUTONOMY WILL NOT BE GIVEN TO YOU, IT MUST BE CREATED!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://blog.dnevnik.hr/postcapitalistcity/2009/06/1626376864/autonomy-will-not-be-given-to-you-it-must-be-created.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Fort Muzil | An Inhabited Military Area in Croacia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://dprbcn.wordpress.com/2010/02/03/fort-muzil-an-inhabited-military-area-in-croacia/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Građani okupirali gradsku vijećnicu - rasprava o Muzilu odgođena<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.zelena-istra.hr/?q=node/1282" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Velika većina anketiranih protiv golfa na Muzilu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.glasistre.hr/vijesti/pula_istra/velika-vecina-anketiranih-protiv-golfa-na-muzilu-468990" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gradska vlast onemogućila pravo govora građanima- građani odlučili napustiti javnu raspravu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.zelena-istra.hr/?q=node/1286" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Muzil po mjeri čovjeka<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/muzil-po-mjeri-covjeka" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Projekt Muzil Starter<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/projekt-muzil-starter" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Velika rasprodaja Istre<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/velika-rasprodaja-istre" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prostorno planiranje koristi politici i investitorima, ne građanima Istre<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pogledaj.to/prostor/prostorno-planiranje-koristi-politici-i-investitorima-ne-gradanima-istre/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Muzil bi tebao služiti i građanima i zaradi, monofunkcionalnost je štetna<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pogledaj.to/arhitektura/muzil-bi-tebao-sluziti-i-gradanima-i-zaradi-monofunkcionalnost-je-stetna/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Američki i francuski investitori zainteresirani za Muzi<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.poslovni.hr/hrvatska/americki-i-francuski-investitori-zainteresirani-za-muzil-308554" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Pula će osim ‘sunca i mora’, razvijati kulturni turizam i aktivni odmor<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.regionalexpress.hr/site/more/pula-e-osim-sunca-i-mora-razvijati-kulturni-turizam-i-aktivni-odmor" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Država traži ulagače u projekt Muzil vrijedan do 200 milijuna eura<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.poslovni.hr/hrvatska/drzava-trazi-ulagace-u-projekt-muzil-vrijedan-do-200-mileura-303599" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prvi potezi novog ministra turizma Antona Klimana<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.poslovniturizam.com/vijesti/prvi-potezi-novog-ministra-turizma-antona-klimana/1987" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Projekt "Brijuni Rivijera" ide dalje<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://radio.hrt.hr/radio-pula/clanak/projekt-brijuni-rivijera-ide-dalje/95974/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Javni natječaj za Muzil: Traže se investitori za turistička naselja, golf i marinu na 170 hektara<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ipress.rtl.hr/gradovi-i-opcine/pula/raspisan-natjecaj-za-muzil-traze-se-investitori-za-turisticka-naselja-golf-i-marinu-na-170-hektara--39238.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prostorni plan Uz golf i polo, u Istri i lov na lisice<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.zelena-istra.hr/?q=taxonomy/term/407" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Infrastruktura preduvjet za transformaciju Pule<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.glasistre.hr/vijesti/pula_istra/infrastruktura-preduvjet-za-transformaciju-pule-525301" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Javni poziv investitorima za iskazivanje interesa za realizaciju razvojnog projekta MUZIL<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://imovina.gov.hr/vijesti/javni-poziv-investitorima-za-iskazivanje-interesa-za-realizaciju-razvojnog-projekta-muzil/1500" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Muzil starter<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.muzil-starter.org/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Inicijativa za Muzil "Volim Pulu" - Nenad Popović - TV NOVA<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xfB-34p-b0M" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Konferencija za novinare Inicijative "Volim Pulu" 03.11.2013.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEg-uKPiVDs" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Muzil građanima! - VIDEO<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/muzil-gradjanima-video" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> To je Pula kakvu volim! + VIDEO!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/to-je-pula-kakvu-volim" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Public hearing on the urban plan of Pula<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqCAnKg__9A" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> VIDEO: Vijećnici 'bježali' kućama kroz prozor<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://hr.a2-news.com/Vijesti/id/232340.0" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Privatnom poduzetniku 'najljepši dio Pule' na 99 godina<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://vijesti.hrt.hr/293862/gradsko-vijece-pule-suglasno-da-se-objavi-poziv-za-iskazivanje-interesa-za-muzil" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>The survey results on the use of Muzil were made public </strong> The billboard reads: "72% of Pula’s citizens think that they should decide on the use of the peninsula Muzil instead of the city or state authorities"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/1._the_survey_results_plakat.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Detail from the protest against the development plan of Muzil</strong> The sign reads:"Brijuni Rivijera is mother, corruption is father"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/muzil_prosvjed_foto_volim_pulu_8.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Protest organised by the civil initiative for Muzil</strong> The protesters blocked the entrance of the city hall in Pula to attract the attention by the local authorities<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/0077007.48.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>28/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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