Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) in Puglia, Italy


Description
The Trans Adriatic Pipeline - TAP project is an infrastructure project for the construction of a pipeline that will transport natural gas coming from the fields of Shah Deniz II in Azerbaijan to the Italian coast for distribution in Europe. The pipeline is part of the larger project called the Southern Gas Corridor which includes the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) and the Trans Caspian Gas Pipeline.
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Basic Data
NameTrans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) in Puglia, Italy
CountryItaly
ProvinceProvince of Lecce, Region Puglia
SiteMeledugno, San Foca
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The TAP pipeline will be a part, together with the Trans Caspian Gas Pipeline and the Trans Anatolian Pipeline, of the larger project of Southern Gas Corridor which will be used to supply the European market with alternatives to Russian gas.
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Project Area (in hectares)800 Km (total length of pipeline)
Level of Investment (in USD)49,920,000,000.00 USD (40,000,000,000.00 € - Estimation of a private source. Since the project is private funded, the real amount of investment is not known)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population 9,861 (Melendugno inhabitants)
Start Date01/01/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesE. ON from Italy
Axpo from Italy
Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP)
British Petroleum (BP) from United Kingdom
State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) from Azerbaijan
Statoil from Norway
Fluxys from Belgium
Total SA from France
Relevant government actorsMelendugno Municipality: http://www.comune.melendugno.le.it/ ; Regione Puglia: http://www.regione.puglia.it/ ; ARPA (Regional Agency for Environmental Protection) : http://www.arpa.puglia.it/web/guest/arpa_home

International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComitato No TAP : http://notransadriaticpiperline.blogspot.it/ - https://it-it.facebook.com/pages/Comitato-NO-TAP/317955878247171 ; Cooperativa Il Delfino: http://ildelfinocooperativa.xoom.it; Associazione Tramontana: https://www.facebook.com/tramontana.liberaassociazionediidee?fref=ts ; Reazione: https://www.facebook.com/reazione.castri?fref=ts,
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
The TAP holding has funded a number of initiatives during the summer 2014. Many artists have refused to take part in such events in protest against the Multinational. At the same events and concerts in support f the No TAP Committee that is fighting against the project have also been organized.
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherPotential losses during the summer season. These losses may be particularly important given the nature of the land and tourism potential.

Other potential losses may occur in the economy in the fishing industry that will be affected due to closure of the fishery in the waters involved in the laying of the pipeline, as well as due to water pollution from the resulting sludge.
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Despite various manifestations of dissent by the population, the NO TAP Committee, and the actions by local administration, the regional commission and the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, the project received the approval of the central government and is continuing its process towards realization.

Yet despite the final approval of the government to the implementation of the TAP gas pipeline project, the high level of citizens information and awareness about the project, not only locally but nationally, and the extent of mobilization created around the committees can be considered a success .
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Ministry of Environment
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Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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Meledugno Municipality
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Regione Puglia
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Melendugno Municipality
[click to view]

References

Tap AG, Intergovernmental agreement between Albania and Italy: important milestone for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project achieved, 2009
[click to view]

Statoil, Joins EGL in Trans Adriatic Pipeline Gas Project, 2008
[click to view]

Links

Statoil, Joins EGL in Trans Adriatic Pipeline Gas Project, 2008
[click to view]

Il Fatto Quotidiano
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Lecce Prima
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La Repubblica on line
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Tagpress.it
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Il Sole 24 ore
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Tap AG, Intergovernmental agreement between Albania and Italy: important milestone for the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project achieved, 2009
[click to view]

Re:Common; "Ten reasons to say no to TAP"
[click to view]

TAP, ENERGY SECURITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
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Italian musician Roy Paci opposes TAP (Italian)
[click to view]

Other Documents

NO TAP logo
[click to view]

TAP gas transportation plan Credits: www.olambientalista.it
[click to view]

San Foca beach credits: www.bblungomaresanfoca.it
[click to view]

TAP Credis: www.trnews.it
[click to view]

No TAP Demonstration Credits: www.lecesette.it
[click to view]

No TAP protests credits: www.urbanpost.it
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAnnalisa Cavallini, CDCA - annali.cav@gmail.com
Last update18/12/2014
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