Try Pheap Co. Logging Operation in Cambodia

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Logging tycoon Try Pheap and the 15 companies he and his wife, Mao Mom, operate are involved in a massive web of logging operations in all 23 provinces in Cambodia. A local NGO, Cambodia Human Rights Task Force (CHRTF), claims Pheap controls almost seven times the land area in Economic Land Concessions (ELCs) allowed by Cambodian law (following this report Pheap accused CHRTF director, San Sen, with defamation). Since 2010 Try Pheap has evicted about 1500 families from their homes, some of which have been given relocation sites that villagers deem unsatisfactory. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The company holds at least 10,000 ha within the boundaries of Boeung Per Wildlife Sanctuary and despite Kui ethnic minority community outcry continues to operate logging and plantation activities that directly endanger wildlife and human livelihoods. In addition, since June of 2012 the company harvests yellow vine, a controversial product potentially linked to illicit drug production, near a hydropower project in the Cardamom Mountains, in direct violation of a moratorium on the harvesting and production of the vine in 2002. Production and harvesting of the vine is directly related to agro-toxins and environmental pollution due to processing methods (Try Pheap has owned and operated at least two processing faculties since the 1990s) Although the company states rubber and pepper plantations as their main export, CHRTF claims the ELC are mainly for timber export, and mostly for endangered rosewood. In February of 2013 the government awarded Pheap a monopoly over the collection and sale of timber from ELCs in Ratanakkiri province, despite a May 2012 moratorium on new ELCs. The Cambodia Daily reported in December of 2013 that Pheap hoped to replicate the deal and talks were already underway in at least two other provinces. The company is known to purchase illegally logged wood from the government for export. Communities continue to protest by holding meetings and marching to provincial government centers, but as in Pursat Village in December of 2013 when over 200 villagers marched to demand compensation, the company refuses to grant concessions and uses police and government officials to quell the protests. Villagers promise more protests if compensation is not granted. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Try Pheap Co. Logging Operation in Cambodia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/cambodia">Cambodia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Ratanakkiri, all others</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Logging and non timber extraction<br /> Agro-toxics<br /> Land acquisition conflicts<br /> Deforestation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td>Pepper, Yellow Vine<br /><a href='/commodity/rubber'>Rubber</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Over 70000 ha of land is controlled, over 1500 people displaced, an untold number endure threatened livelihoods. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>70000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>1500 families</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/try-pheap-import-export'>Try Pheap Import Export</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/cambodia'><small>Cambodia</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Agriculture Ministry’s Forestry Administration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Cambodia Human Rights Task Force,, Coalition of Cambodian Farmer Community,, Cambodian Youth Network, ADHOC,</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Pastoralists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> Repression<br /> Violent targeting of activists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>ADHOC : cease all logging activity in wildlife sanctuaries </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project continues.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Phnom Penh Post, 'Man Fronts Court Over Pheap Row', 12/12/2013. <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Phnom Penh Post, 'Report Calls Out Pheap', 11/19/2013.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Phnom Penh Post, 'Concern Grows Over Forest Concessions' 7/26/2011. <br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ohnom Penh Post, 'Try Pheap Given OK to Harvest Yellow Vine', 06/04/2013<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Cambodian Daily, 'Illegal Logging A Booming Business in Virachey Park' 12/09/2013<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Cambodian Daily, 'Pursat Villagers Get No More Compensation', 12/18/2013<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Aliza Tuttle</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>