Try Pheap Co. Logging Operation in Cambodia

Description

Logging tycoon Try Pheap and the 15 companies he and his wife, Mao Mom, operate are involved in a massive web of logging operations in all 23 provinces in Cambodia. A local NGO, Cambodia Human Rights Task Force (CHRTF), claims Pheap controls almost seven times the land area in Economic Land Concessions (ELCs) allowed by Cambodian law (following this report Pheap accused CHRTF director, San Sen, with defamation). Since 2010 Try Pheap has evicted about 1500 families from their homes, some of which have been given relocation sites that villagers deem unsatisfactory.

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Basic Data
NameTry Pheap Co. Logging Operation in Cambodia
CountryCambodia
ProvinceRatanakkiri, all others
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Logging and non timber extraction
Agro-toxics
Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Specific CommoditiesPepper, Yellow Vine
Rubber
Land
Timber
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsOver 70000 ha of land is controlled, over 1500 people displaced, an untold number endure threatened livelihoods.

Project Area (in hectares)70000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1500 families
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesTry Pheap Import Export from Cambodia
Relevant government actorsAgriculture Ministry’s Forestry Administration
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCambodia Human Rights Task Force, http://www.hrtfcambodia.org/, Coalition of Cambodian Farmer Community, http://ccfccambodia.blogspot.com/, Cambodian Youth Network, ADHOC, http://www.adhoc-cambodia.org/
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Pastoralists
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Development of AlternativesADHOC : cease all logging activity in wildlife sanctuaries
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project continues.
Sources and Materials
Links

Phnom Penh Post, 'Man Fronts Court Over Pheap Row', 12/12/2013.
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Phnom Penh Post, 'Report Calls Out Pheap', 11/19/2013.
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Phnom Penh Post, 'Concern Grows Over Forest Concessions' 7/26/2011.

Ohnom Penh Post, 'Try Pheap Given OK to Harvest Yellow Vine', 06/04/2013

The Cambodian Daily, 'Illegal Logging A Booming Business in Virachey Park' 12/09/2013

The Cambodian Daily, 'Pursat Villagers Get No More Compensation', 12/18/2013

Meta Information
ContributorAliza Tuttle
Last update08/04/2014
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