Tumarín hydroelectric Dam, Nicaragua

Description
El Proyecto Tumarín está ubicado en la comunidad de La Cruz de Río Grande, Apawás en la Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (RAAS). Según el informe oficial de la Central Hidroeléctrica de Nicaragua (CHN)-empresa concesionaria- será una central con una potencia instalada de 253 MW, generará en promedio de 1,184 GWH de energía por año, desviando las aguas del río Grande de Matagalpa.
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Basic Data
NameTumarín hydroelectric Dam, Nicaragua
CountryNicaragua
ProvinceRegión Autónoma del Atlántico Sur (RAAS)
Site La Cruz de Rio Grande, Apawás.
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Potencia Instalada: 253 MW
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Project Area (in hectares)unknown
Level of Investment (in USD)1200,000,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2,000
Start Date21/12/2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesCentral Hidroeléctrica de Nicaragua S.A (CHN ) from Brazil - owner
Central Hidroeléctrica de Centroamérica S.A (CHC) from Brazil - owner
Queiroz Galvo from Brazil
Electrobras from Brazil
Relevant government actorsPartidoLiberal Constitucionalista (PLC) , Tribunal de Apelaciones de Juigalpa (TAJ), Ministerio de Energía y Minas (MEM). Gobierno de Nicaragua, municipalidad de La Cruz de Río Grande, Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARENA), Instituto Nicaragüense de Energía (INE),

International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB)
Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica (BCIE)
Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComisión de Productores de Apawás, Centro Humboldt, Gobierno territorial Criol de Bluefields
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Migration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of Alternatives-Los habitantes de La Cruz de Rio Grande exigen la suspensión de la construcción de ésta mientras el Estado no les garantice una indemnización consensuada y justa.

-Exigen la implementación de un plan de mitigación de daños ambientales en la zona afectada.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.La Comisión de Productores de Apawás ha logrado detener el proyecto durante 7 años y hacer escuchar sus demandas y propuestas de indemnización.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Ley de la Industria eléctrica No. 272
[click to view]

Ley de expropiaciones No. 229
[click to view]

Ley Especial para el desarrollo del Proyecto Hidroeléctrico Tumarín (2009)
[click to view]

Permiso Ambiental PH Tumarín
[click to view]

Permiso de Construcción PH Tumarín
[click to view]

References

Mendoza, Christopher (2013) "What we know and don’t know about the Tumarín mega-project". Revista Envío, N 382, Mayo.
[click to view]

Links

El nuevo diario (2010) Surge resistencia contra Hidroeléctrica Tumarín
[click to view]

EFE. G1 Eletrobras e Queiroz Galvão vão construir hidrelétrica na Nicarágua (2013)
[click to view]

Diario el 19. Nicaragua firma convenio para desarrollo de Hidroeléctrica Tumarín
[click to view]

INE: Sequía frena a Tumarín
[click to view]

Pobladores protestan, Tumarín con más atrasos
[click to view]

Proyecto Tumarín. Sitio oficial
[click to view]

Trinchera. Protestas contra Tumarín (2013)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Campesinos exigen indemnización de CHC Fuente: La Prensa Nicaragua
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorGrettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica
Last update08/10/2014
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