TuNur Solar Park, Tunisia

In July 2017, a request for authorization was filed to the Tunisian Ministry of Energy, Mines and Renewable Energy for an export-oriented solar project with a capacity of around 4.5 GW


Description

TuNur solar project in Tunisia is a joint venture between Nur Energy a solar plant developer based in the UK and a group of Maltese and Tunisian investors in the oil and gas sector. In July 2017, a request for authorization was filed to the Tunisian Ministry of Energy, Mines and Renewable Energy for an export-oriented solar project with a capacity of around 4.5 GW. [1] Activists have branded this project as another renewable energy grab or what has been termed ‘Green Grabbing’: the appropriation of land and resources for purportedly environmental ends. This project in particular involves massive land grabs (10,000 hectares) as well as extensive water usage to clean and cool the panels in arid and semi-arid regions to export energy to the UK and Europe. Given that Tunisia depends on its neighbor Algeria for its energy needs and faces increasingly frequent power cuts, activists claim that it would be outrageous and unjust to prioritize exports over the urgent needs of local people. [1] According to Med Dhia Hammami, a Tunisian investigative journalist working in the energy sector, the project seeks to take advantage of new Tunisian legislation allowing the liberalization of green energy production and distribution and opening the way to the direct export of electricity by private companies. [5] The EU is already considering awarding priority status to an underwater cable linking Tunisia with Italy, and TuNur expects construction work on a €5bn plant to begin by 2019 in southwest Tunisia. The resulting solar complex would sprawl over an area three times the size of Manhattan, harnessing the power of the Saharan sun with several towers up to 200m tall. 

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Basic Data
NameTuNur Solar Park, Tunisia
CountryTunisia
ProvinceKebili Governorate
SiteRjim Maatoug
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Mega-project solar plants
Specific CommoditiesWater
Electricity
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAs a first stage, the project consists of a modular 250MW CSP Tower plant with molten salt storage in Rjim Maatoug, Southern Tunisia, with a dedicated 250MW HVDC transmission line from the site in Tunisia, across Tunisia, through the Mediterranean Sea, landing in Malta. Once landed in Malta the power will be transported to offtakers in mainland Europe through the existing Malta-Sicily interconnector.

Phase 2 of the project consists of modular 2,250MW CSP Tower plant with molten salt storage on the same site in Rjim Maatoug, Southern Tunisia with a dedicated 2,000MW HVDC transmission line from the site, across Tunisia, through the Strait of Sicily, East of Sardinia and the Tyrrhenian Sea, landing North of Rome, Italy. Once landed in Italy power will be transported to offtakers across Europe.
Project Area (in hectares)25,000
Level of Investment (in USD)5,000,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date07/2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesNur Energie from United Kingdom - Main Shareholder
Glory Clean Energy from France
Zammit Group from Malta - Main Shareholder
Relevant government actorsTunisian Ministry of Energy, Mines and Renewable Energy
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Justice North Africa: https://ejnafrica.org
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Writers, Researchers
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesSpecific alternatives are not proposed other than some of the energy produced be used for local demand.

The staunch opponents of this project completely reject it considering that such initiatives deny local people control and access to their land, rob them of resources and concentrate the value created in the hands of domestic and foreign predatory elites and private companies.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The project is under negotiation between Nur Energy and the Tunisian government and will likely be accepted bar any unforeseen issues.
Sources and Materials
References

[5] - The Struggle for Energy Democracy in the Maghreb
[click to view]

Links

[1] - Another case of energy colonialism: Tunisia’s Tunur solar project
[click to view]

[2] - Huge Tunisian solar park hopes to provide Saharan power to Europe
[click to view]

[4] - Giant Tunisian desert solar project aims to power EU
[click to view]

[3] - Desert solar power partners Desertec Foundation and Dii split up
[click to view]

Other Documents

Potential Export Routes https://www.opendemocracy.net/north-africa-west-asia/hamza-hamouchene/another-case-of-energy-colonialism-tunisia-s-tunur-solar-pro
[click to view]

Rejim Maatoug - Location of the project https://www.leconomistemaghrebin.com/2017/08/03/tunisie-tunur-projet-de-production-dexportation-delectricite-vers-leurope/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorChristophe Maroun - [email protected]
Last update19/02/2018
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