In 1887, a new lead and de-silvering operation in Hoboken started to refine minerals taken from what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Today it operates under the name Umicore and is the world‟s largest precious metals recycling operation, based in Hoboken. It still recycles precious metals, but the operations have greatly damaged the health of thousands of citizens living nearby. Since 1973 this has caused many conflicts. Some soil remediation has been done, but no compensations for the loss of good health or the capacity to grow fruits or vegetables has been paid.