Unemployed movement in oil and gas rich Ouargla town, Algeria

Ouargla is one of the wealth poles of Algeria and the richest energy towns in the country, where most of the big oil and gas companies are based. Yet, since February 2012 there has been growing discontent about the lack of jobs for local workers.


Description

The city of Ouargla is located 85km from Hassi Messaoud, one of the wealth poles of Algeria and the richest energy towns in the country, where most of the big oil and gas companies are based.

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Basic Data
NameUnemployed movement in oil and gas rich Ouargla town, Algeria
CountryAlgeria
ProvinceOuargla Province
SiteOuargla
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Shale gas
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population Unemployed local population
Start Date01/01/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesSonatrach from Algeria
enafor
Entreprise Nationale de Services aux Puits (ENSP) from Algeria
Entreprise National de Travaux Aux Puits (ENTP) from Algeria
Entreprise Nationale du Forage (ENAFOR) from Algeria
Entreprise Nationale de Geophysique Algérie (ENA-GEO) from Algeria
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCNDDC (National Committee for the defence of the Rights of the Unemployed
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
Informal workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Unemployed workers (esp. youth)
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Migration/displacement
Repression
Development of AlternativesThe struggle has been for more jobs for the disenfranchised and economically disempowered youth as well as to confront the contemptuous authorities and challenge them in order to bring about justice.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
References

El Watan (2017). Ouargla : Les chômeurs exigent le départ du directeur de l’ANEM. 02 February 2017.
[click to view]

Hamza Hamouchene (2016). The Struggle for Energy Democracy in the Maghreb. Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung.
[click to view]

Links

Protests in Ouargla: Focusing on Job Creation in Algeria

Apr 02 2013

by Mahmoud Ourabah
[click to view]

Al Jazeera - 14 MARCH 2013

Thousands protest unemployment in Algeria

Estimated 10,000 gather in Sahara town to protest lack of employment opportunities and corruption in oil-rich region.
[click to view]

Arab Trade Union Federation - ALGERIA: “OUARGLA” YOUTHS STRIKE TO DEMAND WORK OPPORTUNITIES
[click to view]

Other Documents

Rally in Ouargla
[click to view]

Rally in Ouargla
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorPlatform London
Last update16/03/2017
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