Conflicto de los Mineros Cooperativistas y el Gobierno (Panduro/La Paz), Bolivia

Mining cooperatives exploit wage workers. The conflict between mining cooperativists and the State is mainly economic and social and also environmental. It escalated violently in August 2016.


Description

La extracción minera está sectorizada en Bolivia en tres: COMIBOL (Corporación Minera Boliviana) que es estatal, los Mineros Cooperativistas, y la Minería Privada.

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Basic Data
NameConflicto de los Mineros Cooperativistas y el Gobierno (Panduro/La Paz), Bolivia
CountryBolivia
ProvinceLa Paz, Cochabamba, Potosí, Oruro, Santa Cruz, Beni, pando
SitePanduro, regiones del Altiplano (Este de Potosí y Oruro), sudoeste de Cochabamba, pequeñas concentraciones del oriente (Santa Cruz, Pando, sudeste de Beni)
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Copper
Zinc
Nickel
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsEl conflicto tiene esta raíz: “ (…) todo el mundo sabe que las ‘cooperativas’ mineras no tienen nada de cooperativas; en realidad son empresas, cuyos dueños son los llamados ‘socios’ (y ni siquiera todos) que manejan y explotan a una enorme masa de obreros que no tienen ni seguro social, ni seguro industrial, ni jubilación, ni nada. Y ni siquiera hablamos de las mujeres y del trabajo infantil". (Carlos Peñaranda, Los cooperativistas mineros y el MAS).
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population100.000, cantidad de trabajadores afiliados a una cooperativa
Start Date10/08/2016
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Minería y Metalurgia

Ministerio de Régimen de Interior

Ministerio de Trabajo

Ministerio de Gobierno

Ministerio de Defensa
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local government/political parties
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Sabotage
Street protest/marches
Threats to use arms
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Boycotts of companies-products
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths
Negotiated alternative solution
Repression
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.El conflicto está en una etapa de escalada. El malestar social y laboral no permite alcanzar una solución de justicia socio-ambiental ni a corto o mediano plazo. Los refuerzos políticos y sociales se enfocan en mitigar las repercusiones y daños sociales primeramente. Mientras tanto se sigue teniendo un mal manejo de desechos minerales e impactando negativamente en los alrededores de las minas cooperativistas.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Reglamento Ambiental para Actividades Mineras
[click to view]

References

Cooperativas Mineras en Bolivia, "Formas de Organizacion, produccion y comercializacion"

Autor: Centro de documentacion e Informacion Bolivia
[click to view]

Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Bolivia "Cooperativas Mineras en Bolivia, formas de organizacion, produccion y organizacion"
[click to view]

Fundacion PIEB, Fundacion para la Investigacion Estrategica en Bolivia, version online, Tinkasos
[click to view]

Plataforma Energetica, "Analisis Critico de la Legislacion Minero Ambiental en Bolivia y su Aplicabilidad"
[click to view]

Eduardo Gudynas, El nuevo Estractivismo Progresista de America del Sur
[click to view]

Links

Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Bolivia "CEDIB"
[click to view]

Correo del Sur, periodico boliviano.
[click to view]

Centro de Informacion y Documentacion Bolivia
[click to view]

Periodico Internacional "El Pais"
[click to view]

BBC
[click to view]

Bolivia: mineros secuestraron y mataron al viceministro del Interior
[click to view]

Carlos Peñaranda, Capitalismo extractivista y clientelismo politico.

Los cooperativistas mineros y el MAS. 20 agosto 2016.
[click to view]

Other Documents

AFP
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorMatilde Davalos Ruck, Universidad Nur, [email protected]
Last update10/01/2017
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