Unlawful removal of olive trees and wind energy project in Karaburun, Turkey

Description
The construction of 120 MW wind energy and 380KV transformer station is being carried out in Karaburun Municipality; it entails the removal of 2,080 olive trees from a zone designated as an olive grove in the framework of a certified young tree support project of the Ministry of Agriculture and partial dissolving of the public treasury land rental scheme and its transfer to Lodos Electricity Production Inc.; transgression of the Olive Law, unlawful removal of olive trees.
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Basic Data
NameUnlawful removal of olive trees and wind energy project in Karaburun, Turkey
CountryTurkey
ProvinceIzmir
SiteYayla Village, Karaburun
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Windmills
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Land
Olive Trees
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTotal installed capacity will be 120 MW: 50 Enercon E-82 type wind turbines are going to be installed, each with a capacity of 2 or 3 MW. (The turbines will be provided by the German company Enercon) Project development also involves the construction of a power distribution unit, improvement of already existing roads and construction of new roads.

Project Area (in hectares)Confines of 4village
Level of Investment (in USD)271000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesLodos Electricity Production Inc. from Turkey
Relevant government actorsKaraburun Municipality; Undersecreteriat of Treasury; Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
International and Financial InstitutionsKfW Ipex-Bank (KFW) from Germany
Landesbank Baden-W├╝rttemberg from Germany
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersKaraburun City Council
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Local government/political parties
Villagers
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherWind turbines syndrome is a potential health effect if the wind generator is constructed at 2km distance from a settlement.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
OtherIncome loss due to the destruction of grazing lands (there are 7000 goats in the region).
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Removal of olive trees and grazing lands destruction have taken place.
Sources and Materials
Links

Facebook group representing the villagers opposing the wind farm:
[click to view]

Project Description by Lodos Energy Production Inc (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Financial Dimension of the project at Green Economy web site (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Media Links

Facebook group:
[click to view]

Conversation by Republican Peoples Party (CHP) Member of Parliament Musa Cam and Yaylakoy village headman Yusur Arici (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Other CommentsWind energy projects may not be as innocent as environmentalists claim. It is important to see the impacts of wind energy at the Yayla Village, where nature has been destroyed and environmental problems arose due to illegal acts that do not comply with the regulations.
Meta Information
ContributorMustafa Senbahar on behalf of BOG
Last update08/04/2014
Comments