Uranium mine reopening in Pecs, Hungary

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The Tformer Mecsek underground uranium mine operated from 1956 to 1997, when it was closed due to being uneconomical and was remediated at considerable expense (about $170 million). In 2006, an Australian company, WildHorse Energy joined with state-owned Mecsekérc to assess the feasibility of restarting uranium mining in the Mecsek Hills near Pecs in southern Hungary adjacent to the former mine. Inferred resources are of about 11,600 tonnes of uranium (tU). The high prices of uranium is one of the reasons driving the proposed re-start of operations. The government has said it wants to involve local governments and local citizens in a decision on the issue. The local Nemecz movement opposes the reopening of the mine. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Uranium mine reopening in Pecs, Hungary</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/hungary">Hungary</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Baranya</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Pecs and its surroundings</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Nuclear</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Uranium extraction<br /> Tailings from mines<br /> Mineral ore exploration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/uranium'>Uranium</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The joint venture would give Wildhorse extraction rights for 38.5 tonnes of Uranium and its state-owned partner rights for ten tonnes. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>448650</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>--</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>400000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2006</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/wildhorse-energy-ltd'>Wildhorse Energy Ltd.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/australia'><small>Australia</small></a><br /><a href='/company/wildhorse-energy-hungary-termel-s-szolgltat-kft'>Wildhorse Energy Hungary Termel s Szolgltat Kft.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/hungary'><small>Hungary</small></a><br /><a href='/company/mecsekrc-zrt'>Mecsekrc Zrt.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/hungary'><small>Hungary</small></a><br /><a href='/company/mecsek-ko-zrt'>Mecsek-ko Zrt.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/hungary'><small>Hungary</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Hungarian government, local self-government of Pecs, Regional Environmental and Water Authority of the Southern Transdanubia Region</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Nemecsek Mozgalom (Nemecsek movement)(http://nemecsekmozgalom.wordpress.com/), Greenpeace, Hungary</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local residents of Pécs and of the surrounding settlements.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Arguments for the rights of mother nature<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment<br /> International Action day - 'Fight against the Uranium Industry' held in several countries (Germany, France, the Netherlands on 09. 29. 2012) </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Under negotiation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>It is an ongoing conflict so we cannot be sure about the outcome yet.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> /3/2006. decision of the mine authority of Pécs – this decision allowed Wildhorse Energy Ltd. to start its uranium research activities in one area (lying east from the so-called Jakab Mountain) within the Mecsek Mountain <br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> /2/2006. decision of the mine authority of Pécs – this decision allowed Wildhorse Energy Ltd. to start its uranium research activities in one area (lying north and northeast from the so-called Jakab Mountain) within the Mecsek Mountain <br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> /2012 (IV.26) Government Decision on the restarting of uranium mining gin the Mecsek mountain<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://nemecsekmozgalom.wordpress.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="www.kvvm.hu/szakmai/karmentes/kiadvanyok/karmfuzet9/karmfuz9-8.htm" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="www.wildhorse.com.au/en/mecsek-hills-uranium-project" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Gyorgy Malovics</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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