La Zoreda/Serín is a small rural settlement located roughly in the centre of the triangle conformed by the 3 major cities of the Principality of Asturias (Oviedo, Gijón and Avilés). The majority of the population of the Principality is concentrated within this triangle.
The waste management is controlled by a consortium called COGERSA (Consortium for the Solid Waste Management of Asturias), funded in 1982 by the Principality of Asturias and the town halls of Oviedo, Gijón, Avilés, Castrillón, Illas, Gozón, Carreño, Corvera, Llanera, Noreña and Ribera de Arriba. It is currently composed by all the town halls in Asturias, which hold 80% of the votes, and the Principality, which has a 20% participation rate (the highest vote concentration in one single entity). This consortium counts as well with an instrumental company, COGERSASAU, whose only owner is the same consortium, which holds 100% of the shares.
In April 2010, COGERSA starts the process for building a big incinerator meant to be the key element for solid waste treatment for the Principality of Asturias.
In July 2010, the urban planning process starts officially, and in September of the same year, also the process for the elaboration of the Strategic Waste Management Plan of the Principality of Asturias 2011-2020 gets started.
As a result of the official complaints from several environmental organisations, the Higher Court of Justice of the Principality invalidates the initial agreement from COGERSA in December 2011, and the Strategic Waste Management Plan in July 2013.
The Principality and COGERSA then starts another process for elaborating a Strategic Waste Management Plan for the years 2014-2024 which is now being reported to the court by the environmental organisations involved in this “battle”.
Some of the deficiencies of the project which the complaints are based on are as follows: - Falsification of data of waste flows; - Non-compliance with the waste hierarchy established in the Waste Framework Directive of the European Commission and in the Law 22/2011; - The waste prevention plan would cost 4.040.000 € (according to COGERSA's own estimation) and the incinerator 202.000.000 €, yet they opt for the latter option; - The affected counties haven't been consulted in the process, as obliged by Law 22/2011; - Illegal shortening of the processing periods established by law; - Absolute lack of consideration to alternative waste management options.