Vale mines displace farmers, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Brazilian major mining group Vale extracts coal from the Moatize mine in the Tete province of Mozambique. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Recently, the board of Vale has approved a $6 billion expansion of the mine with plans to lift output from 11 million tons to 22 million tons per year. The company is planning to build a 600 MW thermal power plant at Moatize. Many families have been displaced. Hundreds of families, displaced by Vales Moatize coal mine in Mozambique, have blocked trains used by the Brazilian company, claiming it has failed to keep promises made to them over two years ago. <br/><br/> About 700 families, resettled approximately 60 km away from the Moatize coal mining site, demonstrated against the lack of access to water, electricity and agricultural land at their resettlement area, Cateme. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Vale mines displace farmers, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Tete</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Moatize, Cateme</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Mineral ore exploration<br /> Thermal power plants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/coal'>Coal</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Last year Vale produced 620 000 t of coal. However, only 140 000 t, or about 22.6%, of this coal, was exported through the Port of Beira. The expansion will lift output from 11 to 22 million tons of coal/yr. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>6000000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/vale-mozambique'>Vale Mozambique</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/brazil'><small>Brazil</small></a><br /><a href='/company/vale-sa'>Vale S.A. <small>(Vale)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/brazil'><small>Brazil</small></a> - <small> formerly named Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (Brazil)</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Energy Ministry, Agriculture Ministry and Prime Minister</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>UNAC, JA, CIP</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Displaced families blockaded the railroad with logs and piled stones on the highway, halting the flow of Vales coal.The Mozambican government responded with riot police, and Vales activities resumed within 24 hours.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Mine tailing spills</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement<br /> Repression<br /> Fourteen people were arrested and one person was slightly injured after the riot police broke the blockade.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>---</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.minesandcommunities.org/article.php?a=11439" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.minnpost.com/christian-science-monitor/2012/04/new-coal-giant-mozambique-faces-rising-public-anger" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Boaventura Monjane</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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