Varun land grabbing, Madagascar


Description

The Varun's land grabbing project has its origins in 2009.

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Basic Data
NameVarun land grabbing, Madagascar
CountryMadagascar
ProvinceSofia region
Site13 Plains in the Sofia Region
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Agricultural products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe duration of the agreement would be 50 years and could be extended to 99 years .

Cultivation of rice, corn, maize, wheat, pulses, fruits, vegetables and other crops in170,900 ha of land in Sofia region.

Expected production:

2,800 t/year for rice

400,000 t/year for maize
Project Area (in hectares)170,900
Level of Investment (in USD)1,170,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/02/2009
End Date01/01/2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesVarun International (VARUN) from Australia
VARUN Industries from India
Relevant government actorsSofia Region authorities ; President of Madagascar Ravalomanana ; Economic Development Board of Madagascar (EDBM) ; Ministry of Agriculture ; Ministry of Planning and Decentralization

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersTANY Collective for the land defence in Madagascar ; Fikambanan’ny Malagasy Tsy Manan-Kialofana (Association of homeless) ; SEFAFI (civil society organization)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.VARUN INTERNATIONAL has suspended this project in the Sofia Region. However, the company (VARUN ENERGY) began to explore oil and uranium in other part of the Island. So other conflicts have emerged. But the land grabbing project was stopped.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Code des Investissements à Madagascar

LOI N° 2007-036 DU 14 JANVIER 2008 sur les investissements à Madagascar

Programme National Foncier (PNF)

LOI N° 2008-014 du 23/08/08 sur le Domaine privé de l'Etat, des Collectivités Décentralisées et des personnes morales de Droit Public

LOI N° 2006-031 DU 24 NOVEMBRE 2006 fixant le Régime Juridique de la Propriété Foncière Privée Non Titrée

LOI N° 2005 - O19 DU 17 OCTOBRE 2005 fixant les principes régissant les statuts des terres

References

The land of our ancestors. Property rights, social resistance, and alternatives to land grabbing in Madagascar

Author: Benjamin D. Neimark
[click to view]

Burnod Perrine, Gingembre Mathilde, and Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo, 2012, « Do Investors Really Manage to Have Secure Land Rights? Land Deals and Competition Over Land control in Madagascar ». Paper prepared for presentation at the “Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty” The World Bank - Washington DC, April 23-26, 2012, 22 pp.

Andrianirina-Ratsialonana Rivo, Ramarojohn Landry, Burnod Perrine, Teyssier André, 2010, After Daewoo? Current status and perspectives of large-scale land acquisitions in Madagascar. CIRAD/International Land Coalition/Observatoire du Foncier, 61 pp.

Links

The methods of the Indian Varun in Madagascar
[click to view]

Perrine Burnod, interview, 2013
[click to view]

From International Land Deals to Local Informal Agreements: Regulations of and Local Reactions to Agricultural Investments in Madagascar, by Burnod Perrine, Gingembre Mathilde., Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo, and Ratovoarinony Raphael, LPI
[click to view]

Media Links

VARUN land grabbing in Madagascar
[click to view]

Other Documents

Role of the Indian Government and Indian Companies Engaged in Overseas Agricultural Land Acquisitions in Developing Countries
[click to view]

VARUN Industries Madagascar
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update12/02/2015
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