Vasove Vode Illegal Landfill, Montenegro

The citizens of Berane managed to close the illegal landfill Vasove vode in 2014, however they are still waiting for remediation of the site.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The decision on landfill location was made in 1995, while sanitary landfill and a recycling center were constructed seven years ago with no public opposition. However, in 2012, when the construction was almost done, citizens of Beranselo and Beranselce started protesting against the landfill including blocking the access roads. They consider the landfill illegal, hazardous, and too close to the homes. Besides representing a serious risk to human health, waste from this landfill is being washed away by the river Lim and in such way threatening to become an international problem and get a political dimension. Due to the blockade, a huge amount of waste has accumulated in Berane resulting in communal water pollution which provoked an epidemic burst of stomach problems in more than a thousand people. The police and the judiciary got involved in countless meetings at various levels, however with no results. Due to the alarming epidemic situation in Berane some citizens/reporters perceive the blockades as a negative response, and characterized it as "torture of a minority over the majority". The blockade of the access road lasted for three years, during which it was broken several times by the Montenegrin police including arrests of the protesters. The expert group formed in an agreement among Beranselo’s activist and local government opposed to the project claiming that the experts report on landfill was lacking objectivity, and under the influence of corruption. Meanwhile, while waiting for the final decision on the issue from the relevant state authorities, garbage is being disposed to the landfill in city of Bar (200 km), however this is just a temporary solution that it is financially, technically and environmentally unsustainable and includes a threat to human health. The first report elaborated under the name of "Environmental Impact Assessment of the Regional Sanitary Landfill in Berane Municipality" expired and a new one was developed under the name of "Environmental Impact Assessment of the project of the landfill remediation and the construction of a regional center for the waste treatment for Berane, Rozaje, Andrijevica and Plav at the location of Vasov Do". The NGOs and local community of Beranselo somewhat objected to the new EIA claiming it was just the same as the previous one, which resulted in putting on hold issuance of a building permit. Since February 2014, this illegal dump site is temporarily closed and waiting for sanitation and remediation. However, as per information from 2016, the sanitation process has not started yet due to the procedural difficulties, and it is planned for spring 2017. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Vasove Vode Illegal Landfill, Montenegro</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/montenegro">Montenegro</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Berane municipality</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Waste Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/domestic-municipal-waste'>Domestic municipal waste</a><br />Medical waste</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Around one million tons of waste was disposed on this illegal dump including medical waste. Transporting garbage to the landfill in Bar costs 13,520 US dollars /month. Around 5,000 people got sick, and nearly 1,600 had seek help in the hospital.</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">1,115,110 USD have been invested in the site sanitation. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>6.8</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>12,570,000 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>Up to 30,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2010</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/geotin-inzinjering-doo'>Geotin inžinjering d.o.o.</a> - <small>Author of "Control measurements of the relevant lengths at the site Vasova voda"</small><br /><a href='/company/flemer-stone-doo'> Flemer stone d.o.o.</a> - <small>Author of "Waste Management Plan for the area of Berane Municipality 2010-2014"</small><br /><a href='/company/environmental-protection-company-erico-velenje'>Environmental Protection company ERICO Velenje</a> - <small>Author of "A study on the assessment of the need for the audit of the Strategic Master Plan for Waste Management in Montenegro and recommendations for the organization of waste management by 2030"</small><br /><a href='/company/puc-komunalno-berane'>PUC “Komunalno” Berane</a> - <small>Responsible of dumpsite, collecting waste and elaboration of Spatial planning document for the project</small><br /><a href='/company/security-center-berane'>Security Center Berane</a> - <small>Providing assistance to the Communal Police in breaking the blockade</small><br /><a href='/company/eko-montenegro-doo'>Eko Montenegro d.o.o.</a> - <small> Author of "Selecting a location of the sanitary landfill for communal waste for municipalities Berane, Rožaje, Andrijevica i Plav"</small><br /><a href='/company/urban-projekt-podgorica'>Urban projekt Podgorica</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/montenegro'><small>Montenegro</small></a> - <small>Author of the second EIA „Elaborat procjene uticaja na životnu sredinu za projekat sanacije odlagališta otpada i izgradnje regionalnog centra za obradu otpada za Berane, Rožaje, Andrijevicu i Plav, na lokaciji Vasov do“</small><br /><a href='/company/medix-doo-podgorica'>Medix d.o.o Podgorica </a> from <a href='/country-of-company/montenegro'><small>Montenegro</small></a> - <small>Author of the first EIA „Elaborat procjene uticaja na životnu sredinu izgradnje regionalne sanitarne deponije u opštini Berane“</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Municipality Berane; Montenegro Police; Ministry of Health of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry for Spatial Planning and Environment of Republic of Montenegro; Environmental Protection Agency of Republic of Montenegro; Committee on Tourism, Agriculture and Environment of Republic of Montenegro</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/european-investment-bank'>European Investment Bank <small>(EIB)</small></a> - <small>Investor</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>NGO „Ozon“; NGO MANS; NGO „Green home“</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Because of inconsistencies in the law, NGOs and Citizents of Beranselo demanded from the Municipal authorities to prohibit further disposal of the waste at Vasove vode, do urgent rehabilitation of the current site, and build a new modern sanitary landfill and recycling center at the appropriate location. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>According to information from 2016 (two years after closure) sanitation of the Vasove vode illegal landfill did not started yet.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> ELABORAT PROCJENE UTICAJA IZGRADNJE REGIONALNE SANITARNE DEPONIJE U OPŠTINI BERANE NA ŽIVOTNU SREDINU (1st EIA)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.berane.me/fajlovi/opstina_berane/attach_fajlovi/lat/glavne-stranice/2011/01/pdf/ELABORAT_PROCJENE_UTICAJA_IZGRADNJE_REGIONALNE_SANITARNE_DEPONIJE_U_OPSTINI_BERANE_NA_ZIVOTNU_SREDINU.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Berane: Odblokirana deponija Vasove Vode<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/berane-odblokirana-deponija-vasove-vode" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Iz drugog ugla: Beranska „ekološka“ farsa se nastavlja<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2013/09/04/iz-drugog-ugla-beranska-ekoloska-farsa-se-nastavlja/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Iz drugog ugla – Vasove vode: Na braniku konfuzije<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2013/11/13/iz-drugog-ugla-vasove-vode-na-braniku-konfuzije/#.Uyjz8ahdXG8" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Za deponovanje čvrstog otpada još nema rješenja: Vasove vode „nagrizaju“ i budžet<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2013/08/15/za-deponovanje-cvrstog-otpada-jos-nema-rjesenja-vasove-vode-nagrizaju-i-budzet/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Javna rasprava o procjeni uticaja na životnu sredinu deponije Vasove vode: Planiraju da iz smeća dobijaju struju<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2014/01/29/javna-rasprava-o-procjeni-uticaja-na-zivotnu-sredinu-deponije-otpada-vasove-vode-planiraju-da-iz-smeca-dobijaju-struju/#.UyjxpahdXG8" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Deponija na Vasovim vodoma i dalje tačka sporenja seljana i opštine : Beranselci nezadovoljni elaboratom<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2014/02/18/deponija-na-vasovim-vodoma-i-dalje-tacka-sporenja-seljana-i-opstine-beranselci-nezadovoljni-elaboratom/#.UyjxqqhdXG8" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kako će regionalni centar za obradu otpada u Beranama uticati na okolinu: Danas javna rasprava o Vasovim vodama<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2014/02/18/kako-ce-regionalni-centar-za-obradu-otpada-u-beranama-uticati-na-okolinu-danas-javna-rasprava-o-vasovim-vodama/#.Uyjxp6hdXG8" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Berane: Otpad mora pred skupštinu Crne Gore<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.novosti.rs/vesti/planeta.300.html:454693-Berane-Otpad-mora-pred-skupstinu-Crne-Gore http://www.cdm.me/drustvo/crna-gora/rijeseno-pitanje-deponije-vasove-vode" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Javna rasprava o procjeni uticaja na životnu sredinu deponije Vasove vode: Planiraju da iz smeća dobijaju struju<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.pobjeda.me/2014/01/29/javna-rasprava-o-procjeni-uticaja-na-zivotnu-sredinu-deponije-otpada-vasove-vode-planiraju-da-iz-smeca-dobijaju-struju/#.UyjxpahdXG8" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Blockade of Vasove vode landfill<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.greenhome.co.me/index.php?IDSP=537&jezik=eng" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Citizens urge authorities to remove waste site in Montenegro<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.setimes.com/cocoon/setimes/xhtml/en_GB/features/setimes/features/2013/06/13/feature-02" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> SMALL VILLAGE, BIG STRUGGLE<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.greenfudge.org/2014/02/27/small-village-big-struggle/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> SANACIJA VASOVIH VODA: Kao Skadar na Bojani<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.monitor.co.me/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6460:sanacija-vasovih-voda-kao-skadar-na-bojani-&catid=4449:broj-1310&Itemid=5783" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Novac niz potok, sanacija teška<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vijesti.me/vijesti/novac-niz-potok-sanacija-teska-871586" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Foto-video priča: Vasova Voda, MZ Beranselo, Berane (update)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://javniservis.me/2011/01/14/foto-prica-vasova-voda-mz-beranselo-berane/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Vasove vode: Sanacija smetlišta ostala mrtvo slovo na papiru<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vijesti.me/tv/vasove-vode-sanacija-smetlista-ostala-mrtvo-slovo-na-papiru-885183" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Protest in Berane </strong> Citizens chained together with the representatives of environmental organizations in front Local Parliament asking for the solution of the problem with the landfill of Vasove Vode. The sing says "I do not want to live in garbage!"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/beranselo-podgorica-protest-al-jazeera-main.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Medical waste at Vasove Vode Landfill</strong> Medical waste at Vasove Vode represent a great risk to the environment and human health<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Medical_waste_vasova-voda-jan-11-2011-451.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong> Waste burning at the landfill near Berane</strong> Illegal landfill Vasove Vode is source of air pollution<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/reg-DEPONIJA-DIM-1_620x0.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>ELABORAT EKSPERTIZA PROJEKTA DEPONIJE ČVRSTOG KOMUNALNOG OTPADA „VASOVE VODE“ – BERANE</strong> STUDY PROJECT EXPERTISE FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILL „VASOVE VODE“ – BERANE<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/Konacan_tekst_EKSPERTIZE___Vasove_vode_JZ.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Nacionalna Strategija upravljanja otpadom – smjernice, Crna Gora</strong> Montenegro National Waste Management Strategy - guidelines<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/T3_A3.6_Nacrt-Strategija-upravljanja-otpadom_verzija-04_MNE_final...pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>25/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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