At the beginning of 2000s, the City of Zagreb made a plan for the installation of a municipal waste incinerator with annual capacity of 385,000 tonnes, worth around 200 million USD to be provided by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
In October 2005, the Ministry of Environment rejected the project EIA study. The Zagreb City Council and the municipal waste company ZGOS have pushed to continue the project, and the Mayor of Zagreb asked the Prime Minister to keep the plans on-going.
The NGO Green Action openly criticized this pro incinerator lobbing activities accusing the EBRD of backing it.
Finally, the incinerator project EIA study was approved in 2006, without public consultation.
Since then, the authorities of Zagreb have been facing the problem of finding location for the waste treatment plant. Finally, in October 2013 the Mayor of Zagreb proposed suburb area Resnik, situated 6 km from the city center. This decision encountered disapproval by citizens of Resnik refusing to have one more waste treatment plant in ‘their backyard’. In turn, the activists argued that burning of waste is an old, expensive and polluting practice, and that Croatia should rather focus on waste separation and recycling. In September 2014, in an unclear procedure, the Croatian Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection and the Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning approved a new spatial plan that allowed for building the waste incinerator in Resnik. This decision provoked strong reaction among environmental activists and the citizens, recalling the mayor on the promises given in regard during the election campaign. The NGO activists continued protesting against the incinerator in 2015.
In 2016, new Minister of Environmental and Nature Protection pleaded against the incinerator. In addition, the European Union parliament decided which the new legislative package to restrict financing for incinerators. In April, the Mayor of Zagreb changed his mind and cancelled its support to the incinerator construction considering it out-dated and polluting technology. Both the state and city authorities supported waste separation, recycling, composting, and have agreed on lowering the costs of waste disposal to citizens implementing such measures. The citizens of Resnik have welcomed these decisions, but they would like to see a document that would official prove such claims. Croatia as European Union member is obliged to elaborate new waste management plan by June 2016, and to decide on the location of the waste management center until the end of this year.