Waste Incinerator in Resnik, Zagreb, Croatia

Many years of citizens and NGOs opposition to building waste incinerator in Resnik resulted in cancellation of the project by decisions of the state and city of Zagreb authorities.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">At the beginning of 2000s, the City of Zagreb made a plan for the installation of a municipal waste incinerator with annual capacity of 385,000 tonnes, worth around 200 million USD to be provided by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). In October 2005, the Ministry of Environment rejected the project EIA study. The Zagreb City Council and the municipal waste company ZGOS have pushed to continue the project, and the Mayor of Zagreb asked the Prime Minister to keep the plans on-going. The NGO Green Action openly criticized this pro incinerator lobbing activities accusing the EBRD of backing it. Finally, the incinerator project EIA study was approved in 2006, without public consultation. Since then, the authorities of Zagreb have been facing the problem of finding location for the waste treatment plant. Finally, in October 2013 the Mayor of Zagreb proposed suburb area Resnik, situated 6 km from the city center. This decision encountered disapproval by citizens of Resnik refusing to have one more waste treatment plant in ‘their backyard’. In turn, the activists argued that burning of waste is an old, expensive and polluting practice, and that Croatia should rather focus on waste separation and recycling. In September 2014, in an unclear procedure, the Croatian Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection and the Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning approved a new spatial plan that allowed for building the waste incinerator in Resnik. This decision provoked strong reaction among environmental activists and the citizens, recalling the mayor on the promises given in regard during the election campaign. The NGO activists continued protesting against the incinerator in 2015. In 2016, new Minister of Environmental and Nature Protection pleaded against the incinerator. In addition, the European Union parliament decided which the new legislative package to restrict financing for incinerators. In April, the Mayor of Zagreb changed his mind and cancelled its support to the incinerator construction considering it out-dated and polluting technology. Both the state and city authorities supported waste separation, recycling, composting, and have agreed on lowering the costs of waste disposal to citizens implementing such measures. The citizens of Resnik have welcomed these decisions, but they would like to see a document that would official prove such claims. Croatia as European Union member is obliged to elaborate new waste management plan by June 2016, and to decide on the location of the waste management center until the end of this year.  </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Waste Incinerator in Resnik, Zagreb, Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/croatia">Croatia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Zagreb Capital</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Zagreb, Resnik</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Waste Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Incinerators</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/domestic-municipal-waste'>Domestic municipal waste</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Only 26% of waste is currently separated and only 2% is recycled in Croatia. According to the directives of the European Union the percentage of separated waste should raise to 50% by 2020. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">According to the EIA, burning an estimated 385,000 tonnes of waste and sludge per year would produce between 95,603 and 105,471 tonnes of ash, depending on the type of the incinerator. This represents between 24.8% and 27.4% of the original weight of the waste/sludge.<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>200,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>1,400</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>05/2005</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">End Date</td><td>03/2016</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/zagreb-holding'>Zagreb Holding <small>(ZGOS)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Manager of the future incinerator</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The City of Zagreb, The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia, The Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning of the Republic of Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/ebrd'>The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development <small>(EBRD)</small></a> - <small>Project investor</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Zelena Akcija (Green Action) http://zelena-akcija.hr; Udruga za zaštitu okoliša Resnik (UZOR); citizens of Resnik</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements<br /> Local scientists/professionals</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The opponents of the project demanded from the city authorities to quit of outdated, polluting and end-of-pipe technologies and to invest in improvements of waste management system in Zagreb including waste separation, re-use and recycling activities. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>According to the minister of environment and the city authorities, the waste incinerator in Resnik will not be built. Apart from necessity of making such decision official, it remains that Croatian authorities elaborate a new waste management plan and decide on waste management location in 2016.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Document: Incinerator analysis - Position paper, 14.10.2005 by NGO Green Action<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/zelena-akcija.production/zelena_akcija/document_translations/606/doc_files/original/IncineratorAnalysisPositionPaper14.10.2005.pdf?1271364131" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Action: Waste + Incineration = Toxic Waste, 11.05.2005<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programmes/bankwatch_cee/public_infrastructure_zagreb_municipal_waste_incinerator_actions/action_waste_incineration_toxic_waste_11_05_2005" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Concerns regarding the proposed waste-to-energy incinerator in Zagreb, Croatia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programmes/bankwatch_cee/public_infrastructure_zagreb_municipal_waste_incinerator_documents/document_incinerator_analysis_position_paper_14_10_2005" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Zagreb incinerator EIA approval faces legal challenge, 01.12.2006<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programmes/bankwatch_cee/public_infrastructure_zagreb_municipal_waste_incinerator_actions/action_zagreb_incinerator_eia_approval_faces_legal_challenge_01_12_2006" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Incinerator correspondence with EBRD #2, 16.11.2005<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programmes/bankwatch_cee/public_infrastructure_zagreb_municipal_waste_incinerator_documents/document_incinerator_correspondence_with_ebrd_2_16_11_2005" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> EBRD criticised for persisting with rejected Zagreb incinerator project, 17.11.2005<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programmes/bankwatch_cee/public_infrastructure_zagreb_municipal_waste_incinerator_press_releases/press_release_ebrd_criticised_for_persisting_with_rejected_zagreb_incinerator_project_17_11_2005" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Open letter reminds Mayor to respect public and expert opinion, 03.11.2005<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://zelena-akcija.hr/en/programmes/bankwatch_cee/public_infrastructure_zagreb_municipal_waste_incinerator_news/news_open_letter_reminds_mayor_to_respect_public_and_expert_opinion_03_11_2005" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bandić: Spalionica otpada neće se graditi u Zagrebu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/milan-bandic-spalionica-otpada-nece-se-graditi-u-zagrebu---308066.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ne želimo spalionicu u Resniku!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dalje.com/hr-zagreb/ne-zelimo-spalionicu-u-resniku/48042" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bandić otkazao sjednicu, a ministri odobrili spalionicu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vecernji.hr/zg-vijesti/bandic-otkazao-sjednicu-a-ministri-odobrili-spalionicu-otpada-963159" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prosvjednici: Neće biti spalionice, Milane ti si se kleo<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vecernji.hr/zg-vijesti/prosvjednici-nece-biti-spalionice-milane-ti-si-se-kleo-966025" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Prosvjednicima ispred Skupštine Kosor poručio: 'Za Bandića i spalionicu glasalo 93% Resničana<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vecernji.hr/zg-vijesti/prosvjednicima-ispred-skupstine-darinko-kosor-porucio-za-m-bandica-i-spalionicu-glasalo-93-resnicana-963356" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Župnik: Ako su stvarno odustali od spalionice, imat ćemo feštu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vecernji.hr/zg-vijesti/zupnik-ako-su-stvarno-odustali-od-spalionice-imat-cemo-festu-1074996" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Stručnjaci: Spalionice otpada nisu baš 'passé' kako Bandić tvrdi<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vecernji.hr/zg-vijesti/strucnjaci-spalionice-otpada-nisu-bas-passe-1075490" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> GRADONAČELNIK BANDIĆ OTKRIVA: Zašto je Zagreb ipak odustao od spalionice smeća<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://totalinfo.hr/gradonacelnik-bandic-otkriva-zasto-je-zagreb-ipak-odustao-od-spalionice-smeca/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Novi ministar zaštite okoliša protiv spalionice otpada u Zagrebu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.svijetsigurnosti.com/blogs/7557-novi-ministar-zastite-okolisa-protiv-spalionice-otpada-u-zagrebu" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Aktivisti Zelene akcije i Uzora protiv spalionice otpada<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.croenergo.eu/Aktivisti-Zelene-akcije-i-Uzora-protiv-spalionice-otpada-27990.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Zagreb na dnu europske ljestvice po gospodarenju otpadom<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.dw.com/hr/zagreb-na-dnu-europske-ljestvice-po-gospodarenju-otpadom/a-19047944" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bandić i Dobrović odustali od spalionica otpada: Spuštamo cijenu za građane koji to zaslužuju<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.index.hr/vijesti/clanak/bandic-i-dobrovic-odustali-od-spalionica-otpada-spustamo-cijenu-za-gradjane-koji-to-zasluzuju/885696.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bandić: Odustajemo od spalionice otpada u Zagrebu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.tportal.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/423485/Bandic-Odustajemo-od-spalionice-otpada-u-Zagrebu.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> EU parlament: Nema toga, zaboravite na spalionicu otpada<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.vecernji.hr/zg-vijesti/eu-parlament-nema-toga-zaboravite-na-spalionicu-otpada-1069486" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Citizens protest- Građani u Resniku: Centar za gospodarenje otpadom je spalionica<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/gradzani-u-resniku-centar-za-gospodarenje-otpadom-je-spalionica---310605.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Resnik protiv spalionice<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/resnik-protiv-spalionice" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bandić odustao od gradnje spalionice u Zagrebu 'Ja želim bidi moderan'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://dnevnik.hr/vijesti/hrvatska/bandic-odustao-od-gradnje-spalionice-u-zagrebu-ja-zelim-bidi-moderan---432696.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Green Action activist in protest against the waste incinerator in 2005</strong> The sign reads “Waste + incinerator = hazardous waste”<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/1.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong> The citizens of Resnik in protest, 2014</strong> The sign reads “Burn the plan, not the waste”<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/940e7b43f420cba1beea34867c6989f5.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>07/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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