Waste Management in Subotica, Serbia

In Subotica, Serbia, communities and municipality cooperate for managing waste treatment. A case where important institutional and legislative changes might help improve the waste management.


Subotica is the most northern city of the Republic of Serbia, with a population of 100 thousand (2002 census), the 2nd largest in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. It is located about 10 km from the Hungarian border and is the administrative centre of the North Backa District and the Municipality of Subotica.

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Basic Data
NameWaste Management in Subotica, Serbia
ProvinceNorth Backa District
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Chemical (agricultural) waste
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)46
Level of Investment (in USD)91,095,530
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population280,000
Start Date01/01/2013
Relevant government actorsLocal municipalities,

Ministry of Environment, Mining and Spatial Planning
Environmental justice organisations and other supporterslocal CSOs, the public utility company “Cistoca i zelenilo”, local communities, local self-government and educational institutions
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Fires, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Negotiated alternative solution
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Development of AlternativesProvincial Secretariat of Finance has supported almost 19 million project to build a regional landfill in Subotica.

For faster construction of the Regional landfill in Subotica, seven local governments, in addition to the European Union, funded the project - Subotica, Bački Topol, Kanjiž, Sent, Mali Iđoš, Čok i Novi Kneževc; contracts on co-financing the ''preparation and implementation of project plan and technical documentation" were concluded and being implemented this year.

Regional landfill will be built by 2017.

The planned location of the regional landfill Subotica leans on a local road Subotica-Bikovo-Orom, 19, 7 kilometers from Subotica in the southeastern direction. The nearest villages regarding the envisaged regional landfill are Gabric and Oromo, located two kilometers from the site. Area available for the construction of a regional landfill is 46 ha.

Main project objectives and expected results are:

1. Construct regional municipal waste landfill, including all stationary equipment, which meets EU Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC, serving 7 municipalities (Subotica, Bačka Topola, Mali Idjoš, Kanjiža, Senta, Novi Kneževac and Čoka) with population of 280,025 people. The landfill’s total service area will cover 46 hectares and total capacity will be 2,906,000 tonnes to the year 2042.

2. Construct four transfer stations (TS) for optimisation of transport scheme at distance of 20-30 km, (TS will be located at municipalities Subotica, Bačka Topola, Senta and Kanjiža).

Month and year of start of project implementation: January 2013

Month and year of end of project implementation: December 2016
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Process has started to move in the right direction, but until the project will not be completed as it should be, the waste issue will not be resolved.
Sources and Materials

Subotica: Za regionalnu deponiju 19 miliona dinara
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Regionalna deponija Subotica na dva kilometra od prvih naselja!
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Izgradnja savremenog sistema za upravljanje čvrstim komunalnim odpadom
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Media Links

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Regionalna deponija uskoro
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Aron Bijaci Sen
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Radovi na regionalnoj deponiji počinu naredne godine
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Regionalna deponija kod Subotice 2013.godine
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Gradska deponija postala najveće "brdo" u Subotici
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Other Documents

Construction of the Subotica Regional Landfill
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Meta Information
ContributorKatarina; [email protected]
Last update13/11/2014