In 2007, indigenous villagers chopped down around 6600 young eucalypts on a 6-ha state forest department plantation. The residents claimed that the land is theirs and that they want it back. The villagers of Khorikashuli, comprising mostly Lodha tribals, used to grow multiple crops on this land, which, they say, provided them with enough food for at least 6 months a year. One activist said: “In 2001, officials asked for land along the fringes of our fields. Then they took our thumb impressions on some papers and by 2004 they took over all our land”. The eucalypt plantation started in 2004 as a Joint Forest Management scheme funded by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests. Under the scheme, every family in the village would receive 25% of the cash earned from selling the trees after harvests 10 years later. But the villagers said that they cannot afford to wait that long. “Eucalypt doesn’t give us food”. The indigenous peoples are thus reclaiming the land under the provisions of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006. That the act, which recognizes the land rights of forest communities who do not have documentary proof of ownership, has not been implemented yet, does not seem to faze them. The land in question was originally a mahal forest owned by rich landowners or local royalty. The West Bengal Private Forests Act, 1948, which was the state’s first attempt to assert control over south Bengal forests, states that the rights of forest dwellers should be recorded and settled by forest settlement officers appointed for the purpose. However, after 1953 no survey was ever conducted.