Stephen Milder, “The New Watch on the Rhine: Anti-Nuclear Protest in Baden and Alsace.” Environment & Society Portal, Arcadia 2013, no. 6. Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society.
[click to view]
Meyer, Jan-Henrik: "Where do we go from Wyhl?" Transnational anti-nuclear protest targeting European and international organizations in the 1970s. In: Historical Social Research 39 (2014), 1, pp. 212-235
[click to view]
Roger Karapin, Protest Politics in Germany, Pennsylvania UP, 2007 (contains a comparison of Wyhl and Brokdorf)
|Other Comments||Spiegel's timeline of events associated with the anti-nuclear power movement in Germany until Fukushima 2011.|
1975: Fight about a proposed new nuclear power plant for Whyl.
1976: Clashes between police and protesters at the Brokdorf construction site.
1977: Clashes between anti-nuclear activists and security forces at Brokdorf.
1977: 50,000 people protested against the construction of a fast-breeder reactor at Kalkar in the lower Rhine region.
1979: Following the Three Mile Island accident, 100,000 people demonstrated against plans for a reprocessing plant at Gorleben
1979: The anti-nuclear movement grows and 150,000 people demonstrated in Bonn, demanding the closure of all nuclear facilities.
1980: 5,000 people occupy the site of the proposed nuclear repository at Gorleben.
1981: Riots in Brokdorf between 10,000 police and 100,000 anti-nuclear protesters.
1984: 4,000 anti-nuclear protesters blocked all access roads to Gorleben for 12 hours.
1986: 100,000 people demonstrated in the Bavarian village of Wackersdorf against a planned reprocessing plant.
1986: After the Chernobyl disaster, hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated against nuclear power in various locations.
1995: From the mid-1990s onwards, anti-nuclear protests were primarily directed against transports of radioactive waste called "castor" containers.
1996: Sit-ins against the second castor consignment bringing nuclear waste from La Hague in France to Gorleben.
1997: The third castor transport reached Gorleben despite the efforts of several thousand protesters.
2004: A 21-year-old man was killed during protests against the castor transport after a train severed his leg.
2008: 15,000 people protested against the eleventh castor transport.
2009: Tens of thousands demonstrated in Berlin under the motto "Turn Them Off", and called for the decommissioning of all nuclear facilities worldwide.
2010: 120,000 people formed a 120-kilometre long human chain between the nuclear power plants at Krummel and Brunsbuttel, to protest against the federal government's nuclear policy.
2011: Following the Fukushima I nuclear accidents in March, regular quiet demonstrations (Mahnwachen) are held on each Monday in hundreds of places in Germany attracting each time more than 100,000 people. On 26 March, 250,000 people protest against nuclear energy in four cities (Berlin, Cologne, Hamburg and Munich). On 31 May, Chancellor Angela Merkel's coalition government announces a phase-out of Germany's nuclear industry by 2022.