Cement factory in Kendeng karst mountains, Indonesia

Women have taken the lead in a grassroots campaign to save the Kendeng karst mountains in Central Java from environmental destruction brought upon by a new cement factory in Indonesia.


Description

Women have taken the lead in a grassroots campaign to save the Kendeng karst mountains in Central Java from environmental destruction brought upon by a new  cement factory in Indonesia.

See more...
Basic Data
NameCement factory in Kendeng karst mountains, Indonesia
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceRembang, Central Java
SiteTegaldowo and Timbrangan villages (Kendeng karst mountains)
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific CommoditiesCement
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe cement factory will have a capacity of 8000 tons per day

Semen Indonesia is Indonesia’s largest cement producer with a total annual output of approximately 30 million tonns per annum [2].

Semen Indonesia company also have announced its plan to invest US$200 million worth cement plant in Myanmar that will be built early in 2014 as part of its expansion into the Southeast Asian market[10].
Project Area (in hectares)850
Level of Investment (in USD)327,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date16/07/2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesSemen Indonesia from Indonesia
FLSmidth
Relevant government actorsCentral Java Governor
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSamin community

Jaringan Masyarakat peduli Pegunungan Kendeng (JMPPK)

Semarang Caver Association [farming and local community groups in Rembang City]
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Women protest called "the Kartinis of Rembang"; Samin community; Jaringan Masyarakat Peduli Pegunungan Kendeng movement
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Women cement their feet, local people prayer and reciting the Koran
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Noise pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
OtherCommunitarian division
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly. In January 2017, Central Java Governor canceled the cement factory permits. Before, the Supreme Court ruled the state-owned cement company began construction of its controversial plant without first conducting a thorough check of any potential impacts on the local environment [4]. Central Java Governor Ganjar Pranowo said: "Several [important] items were not included in the documents, especially on the procedures and regulations on the limitation of limestone mining activities in the area’s ground water basin" However, added that the permit could be reinstalled once Semen Indonesia fulfilled the requirements demanded.
Sources and Materials
References

[7] Benda, Harry; Lance Castles (1969). "The Samin Movement". Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde: 207–216, 218–240
[click to view]

[5] Korver, A. Pieter E. (1976). "The Samin Movement and Millenarism". Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde: 249–266
[click to view]

[6] King, Victor T. (1973). "Some Observations on the Samin Movement of North-Central Java: Suggestions for the Theoretical Analysis of the Dynamics of Rural Unrest". Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde: 457–481.
[click to view]

[9] Renaldi (2017) Does This Look Like A Barren Wasteland?
[click to view]

[8] Raden Adjeng Kartini Biography: Women's Rights Activist, Journalist (1879–1904)
[click to view]

Links

[1] Kendeng Women Rise Up to Resist Cement Factory, Save Mother Earth
[click to view]

[2] PT Semen Indonesia’s Rembang plant is on track
[click to view]

[3] Women of Rembang put their feet down to save farms from cement factory
[click to view]

The Kartinis of Kendeng: using motherhood as a form of resistance
[click to view]

Semen Indonesia
[click to view]

[4] Central Java Governor Revokes PT Semen Indonesia's Mining Permit in Rembang
[click to view]

Kendeng farmers disappointed with new cement factory permit
[click to view]

[11] Semen Indonesia Rembang Plant to Be Fully Operational in 2016
[click to view]

[10] Semen Indonesia to build US$200m plant in Myanmar
[click to view]

Protest against Semen Indonesia’s Rembang factory continues
[click to view]

[12] Protest against Semen Indonesia’s Rembang factory continues
[click to view]

Chronology of Resistance in Rembang City, Jawa Tengah: Street and community conflict against military & police in struggle against the construction of a cement factory (Indonesia)
[click to view]

Media Links

Women cement their feet protesting new factory construction in Indonesia
[click to view]

325 community. Chronology of Resistance in Rembang City, Jawa Tengah: Street and community conflict against military & police in struggle against the construction of a cement factory (Indonesia)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: by Natalie Stuart 15th Nov. 2016
[click to view]

Source: The Jakarta Post/Seto Wardhana http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/10/12/rembangs-cement-factory-protesters-visit-c-java-governor.html One of nine female farmers of Mount Kendeng, Rembang regency, Central Java, is preparing to protest against cement plant development in the area by cementing her feet in front of the State Palace in Jakarta on April 13. The female farmers demanded to meet with the President to voice their concerns over the construction that would harm the environment and threaten their livelihoods as farmers
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSM (ICTA-UAB)
Last update28/03/2017
Comments