Yusufeli Dam, Turkey

Description

The proposal for the construction of a dam on the Coruh River near Yusufeli, in the Turkish region east of the Black Sea, generated much controversy. The project called for the construction of thirteen dams for hydropower generation; two have already been built and two others are under contruction.

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Basic Data
NameYusufeli Dam, Turkey
CountryTurkey
ProvinceKurdistan
SiteYusufeli, Artvin Province
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project called for the construction of thirteen dams of which two have already been built.

The Yusufeli Dam is one of these and is expected to generate 540 MW.

Height270 m (886 ft) Length410 m (1,345 ft) Crest width 15 m (49 ft) Volume 2,240,000 m3
Project Area (in hectares)3,300 (Reservoir)
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population30000
Start Date1990
Company Names or State EnterprisesDogus Insaat ve Ticaret AS from Turkey
Alstom from France
Coyne and Bellier from Turkey
Dolsar muhendislik from Turkey
Relevant government actorsGeneral Directorate for the Hydrcal works., The Turkish Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWWF, Friends of the Earth, International Rivers
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationPublic campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseThe project is still planned to be executed.
Development of AlternativesThey do not want the construction of the dams.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite the fact that the British company Amec left the project, as a result of the campaign against the construction of the Yusufeli dam by Friends of the Earth, the Government insists in implementing the project.
Sources and Materials
References

Popoli al buio, Diritti umani e conflitti nel mondo' - Giovanni Caputo 2008

Links

CDCA
[click to view]

FoE
[click to view]

Yusufeli dam and HEPP
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLucie greyl
Last update08/04/2014
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