ZAD at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, Aeroport du Grand Ouest, France

A Zone to Defend, the controversial airport project in Western France became a symbol of resistance and alternative proposals. On 17 January 2018 the French government gave up, the Zadistes won.


Description

A great triumph of the Zadistes when on 17 January 2018. Prime Minister  Edouard Philippe announced that the airport project of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, was given up, definitively suspended. The resistance over many years gave rise to a new word in French, "zone à defendre", ZAD. The zadistes around the world congratulate themselves on this victory won at a cost of great sacrifices. 

See more...
Basic Data
NameZAD at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, Aeroport du Grand Ouest, France
CountryFrance
ProvincePays de la Loire - Brittany
SiteNotre-Dame-des-landes
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific CommoditiesLand
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCapacity will be up to 5 million passengers per year.
Project Area (in hectares)1650
Level of Investment (in USD)722620000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2000
Company Names or State EnterprisesVinci Group (Vinci) from France
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Establishment of a postcapitalist protest camp
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Court decision (undecided)
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesIt was suggested by ACIPA to refurbish and enlarge the exisiting airport Nantes-Atlantique instead of building a new one. This assertion is supported by the the report issued in 2011 by the consultancy CE Delft.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.It is a success because the project has been cancelled in January 2018. Huge mobilization, protests, squatting and legal action delayed expropriations as well as led to an indefinite postponement of the project and finally to its end.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Bill on on airport noise environment (Rapport 204, 1998-99)

Decree of concession of the airport facilities of the Grand Ouest region: Décret n° 2010-1699 du 29 décembre 2010 approuvant la convention passée entre l'Etat et la société concessionnaire aéroports du Grand Ouest pour la concession des aérodromes de Notre-Dame-des-Landes, Nantes-Atlantique et Saint-Nazaire - Montoir et le cahier des charges annexée cette convention.

References

Brinke, L. & Faber, J.

Review of the Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Grand Ouest Airport

Comparison with Improvements of Nantes Atlantique. Delft, CE Delft, 2011.

Defending the zad: A new little book about the struggle against an airport and its world.
[click to view]

Links

Compilation of news: Nantes Airport News
[click to view]

List of relevant documents (in French)
[click to view]

BBC News article
[click to view]

The Guardian article
[click to view]

(1) Syndacat Mixte d'études
[click to view]

ZAD
[click to view]

Liberacion
[click to view]

Liberacion
[click to view]

France 24, 2016-02-12 - Hollande announces referendum on divisive airport project
[click to view]

Le Monde.fr | 11.02.2016 - Notre-Dame-des-Landes : quel périmètre pour le référendum local sur le projet d’aéroport ?
[click to view]

Media Links

Documentary: Notre Dame des Luttes
[click to view]

Photographic movie: Occupy this land!
[click to view]

Demonstration on 22.02.2014 Nantes
[click to view]

Other Documents

Preparations of the camp
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update21/01/2018
Comments