Zwentendorf Nuclear Reactor, Austria


In the late 60s the Austrian government decided to start a nuclear energy program. A planning company for nuclear power plants (NPP) was established.

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Basic Data
NameZwentendorf Nuclear Reactor, Austria
ProvinceLower Austria
SiteZwentendorf, Austria
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsBoiling-water reactor rated at 692 megawatts electric power output.

Level of Investment (in USD)1,000,000,000: todays cost
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population0
Start Date1976
Company Names or State EnterprisesTullnerfeld Atomic Power Plant GmbH (GKT) - in which nearly all electric utilities had a share. Organisation with 50%, Tiwag 13.34%, EVN 10.83%, Steiermark Energy 10%, AG Upper Austria Energy 8.33%, Kelag 3.33%, Salzburg AG 2.5%, VKW 1.67%, current names of the companies).
TIWAG Tiroler Wasserkraft AG from Austria
EVN Group from Austria
Steiermark Energy from Austria
AG Upper Austria Energy from Austria
Kelag from Austria
Salzburg AG from Austria
Vorarlberger Kraftwerke AG (VKW) from Austria
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAustrian Conservation Society, European Environmental Bureau, Friends of the Earth International, Anti-Atom International
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Referendum other local consultations
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Project cancelled
Development of Alternativesincreased hydropower, waste-to-energy production, wind, solar...
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Procedurally, this decision was made democratically through a national referendum with high (2/3 voter population turnout). However, not everyone affected by the impending nuclear energy program was allowed to vote.
Sources and Materials

World News Briefs; Kreisky Is Defeated On Nuclear Issue
[click to view]

AUSTRIAS NO TO NUCLEAR POWER by Peter Weish, Human Ecologist at the Vienna University, chairman of Anti Atom International
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorIngrid Behrsin
Last update08/04/2014