Fracking Frenzy

Description

As the production of conventional oil and gas is quickly depleting, the fossil fuel industry is now developing globally unconventional energy sources such as shale gas, shale oil, tight gas and coal-bed methane. Its extraction process, which includes the technique of high-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing or “fracking”, generates serious and large-scale environmental and human health concerns, such as threats to surface and ground water quality, pressure on drinking water reserves, worries over fracking's impacts on air quality, the stimulation of earthquakes and its important impact on climate change.
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Legend
Cases

Atlantic Coast Natural Gas Pipeline. Virginia, USA  
EJO's: Richmond Resistance Free Nelson
Companies: Dominion Resources , Duke Energy, Piedmont Natural Gas

Ban on Onshore Fracking in Nova Scotia, Canada 
EJO's: Nova Scotia Fracking Resource and Action Coalition (NOFRAC): http://nofrac.wordpress.com/ Ecology Action Centre: https://www.ecologyaction.ca
Companies: Triangle Petroleum Corporation

Belcoo Community Fracking Blockade, UK 
EJO's: Fermanagh Fracking Awareness Network (FFAN) Love Leitrim Belcoo Frack Free
Companies: Tamboran Resources

Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain 
EJO's: Ecologistas en Acción Greenpeace España Amigos de la Tierra Eguzki http://ecologistasenaccion.org/article29977.html
Companies: BNK Petroleum Inc.

Fracking in California, USA 
EJO's: Environment California: http://www.environmentcalifornia.org/ Clean Water Action, http://www.cleanwateraction.org/fracking-california Sierra Club, www.sierraclub.org/ California against Fracking: http://californiansagainstfracking.org Courage Campaign: https://www.couragecampaign.org/ Daily Kos: www.dailykos.com/ 350.org: www.350.org Food and Water Watch: www.foodandwaterwatch.org Presente: http://www.presente.org Forecast the Facts: forecastthefacts.org/
Companies: Western States Petroleum Asociation

Chevron Shale Gas, Romania 
Companies: Chevron Corporation

Earthquakes & conflict linked to fracking, Nuevo Leon, Mexico 
EJO's: Comité Ecológico Pro Bienestar; Mexican Alliance against Fracking Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD)
Companies: PEMEX, Halliburton, Schlumberger

Elsipogtog First Nation v. Fracking, NB, Canada 
EJO's: Mikmaq nation, Idle No More, The Kahnawake Warrior Society, Miqmaq Warrior Society, Council of Canadians, Conservation Council of New Brunswick
Companies: Southwestern Energy Resources

Exploratory fracking in Arquetu, Cantabria, Spain 
EJO's: Asamblea contra la Fractura Hidráulica de Cantabria: which is a plattform where many groups converge (Asamblea 15M Cabezón de la Sal, Agitación Rural, Asamblea 15M Torrelavega, Asamblea 15M Santander, Ecologistas en acción, ARCA, Democracia Real Ya, Regüelta and Asamblea contra el TAV)
Companies: Trofagas Hidrocarburos, S.L

Exploratory fracking in Balcombe, UK 
EJO's: No Fracking in Balcombe Society, No Dash for Gas, Frack off, Disabled people against the cuts, Fuel Poverty Action, Sussex Extreme Energy Resistance, Gasfield Free Sussex, Lewes Against Fracking, Ribble Estuary Against Fracking
Companies: Cuadrilla

Fracking Araba - ENARA, Spain 
EJO's: Plataforma Fracking EZ Araba: http://frackingezaraba.org/about/, There was a manifesto signed by different individuals, political entities, conservation associations and social movements., Acampada Gasteiz, Asociación Visón Europeo, ACOA-AKE, Aralar, Bildu, CCOO, Deshazkundea-Gasteiz, Eguzki, Ekologistak Martxan, ELA, EQUO, Gaden, Grupo Ecologista Gaia, Hala Bedi Irratia, Inmersiones, Izate, Izquierda Unida – Ezker Anitza, LAB, Mendialdetik, STEE-EILAS, UAGA, UGT, SEO/BirdLife, BIZILUR-Lankidetzarako eta Herrien Garapenerako Erakundea, Herriarte/Entrepueblos, SAGARRAK, Gernikako Ekologi Lan-Taldea, LOS VERDES – GRUPO VERDE, Bizkaiko emakume asanblada, KEM-MOC Bilbao, Asociación Fotografía y Biodiversidad, ESK, Greenpeace, Asociación Ikusbide, Euskalerriko Eskautak Araba, Las Trans, ACOVI, AEREN, Errotako gazte asanblada, Azken kolpe kontrakultura elkartea, UPyD, Asociación Otsogorrigaina Mendi Elkartea, Bionekazaritza, Itaya Gazte Asanblada.
Companies: Sociedad de Hidrocarburos de Euskadi, S.A., Basque Energy Organitation, Heyco Energy Group companies, Cambria Europe Inc. True Oil, Spanish Association of Researchers and exploitative Companies Oil

Fracking en municipios del Maestrat y Els Ports en Castellón, Comunitat Valenciana, Spain 
EJO's: Plataforma Anti-Fracking. Comarques de Castelló.
Companies: Montero Energy Corporation, R2 Energy

Fracking in the Parana Basin, Brazil 
EJO's: Coletivo Cascavel Livre de Fracking (Cascavel Free From Fracking Collective) - opposition group made up of local residents. www.facebook.com/hashtag/coletivocascavellivredefracking
Companies: Paraná Gás Exploração e Produção, Companhia Paranaense de Energia, Bayar Empreendimentos e Participações Ltda, Petra Energia, Tucumann Engenharia e Empreendimentos

Fracking opposition, Tunisia 
EJO's: Tunisian Association for Transparency in Energy and Mines (ATTEM), Tunisian General Labour Union, Tunisian Workers Party, Public Services International (PSI), AgriEcoForest
Companies: Royal Dutch Shell, Winstar, Cygam

Fracking projects, Algeria 
EJO's: Friends of the Earth Europe, Algeria Solidarity Campaign http://algeriasolidarity.org/, Platform London, UK, Algeria Solidarity Campaign, Algerian Culture Collective, Frack Off, Parti de Gauche, Ribble Estuary Against Fracking, Comité Nationale de Defense les Droits de Chomeurs (CNDDC), Algeria, L’Observatoire Algérien des Droits de l’Homme (OADH), Algeria Anti-Shale Gas Euro-Maghreban Collective (CEMAGAS), Algeria Agir pour le changement et la démocratie en Algérie, Collectif National Pour Les Libertes Citoyennes (CNLC)
Companies: Sonatrach, Royal Dutch Shell, ExxonMobil Corporation, Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi, Talisman Energy, Algerian Association of the Gas Industry

Fracking Voelkersen, Germany 
EJO's: Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth Germany
Companies: RWE Dea AG

Gripen Gas, Öland, Sweden 
EJO's: Aktionsgruppen Mot Fossilgasutvinning på Öland AMFÖ, http://amfo.se/, Naturskyddsföreningen, http://www2.naturskyddsforeningen.se/kretsar-lan/Kalmar/oland, Lantbukarnas Riksförbund (LRF) (The Federation of Swedish Farmers), http://www.lrf.se/, Borgholm kommun (Borgholm municipality, Öland), http://www.borgholm.se/, Mörbylånga kommun (Mörbylånga municipality, http://www.morbylanga.se/, Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar Län (Kalmar County Administrative Board), http://www.lansstyrelsen.se/kalmar/En/Pages/default.aspx, Ölands Vattenråd (Öland Water Council), http://www.vattenorganisationer.se/oland/
Companies: Gripen Gas

Historic Fracking Ban Passes in Heart of “Frack Country”, USA 
EJO's: Frack Free Denton Texas Environmental Justice Advocacy Series (TEJAS)
Companies: Halliburton, Texas Oil and Gas Association

Hydraulic fracking, Egypt 
EJO's: Platform London, http://platformlondon.org/, Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), http://eipr.org/en/
Companies: Royal Dutch Shell, Apache Corp., Agiba Petroleum Company, Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation, Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi, Lukoil, Dana Gas PJSC, Dana Gas Egypt

Hydraulic fracking in the Karoo, South Africa 
EJO's: Derek Light (attorney based in Graaff-Reinet, representing over 300 landowners and communities), TKAG (Treasure the Karoo Action Group; Jonathan Deal), Fractual (Ian Perrin), Earthlife Africa (Muna Lakhani), WWF (Saliem Fakir), WESSA (Wildlife and Environment Society of SA), CJN!SA network, Centre for Environmental Rights, Western Cape Wildlife and Environment Society, Southern Cape Land Committee, Agri-SA (commercial farmers lobby)
Companies: Royal Dutch Shell, Falcon Oil and Gas, Bundu Gas and Oil, Anglo American, Statoil, Chesapeake Energy, Sasol
IFI's: World Bank

Loma de La Lata y Vaca Muerta en Neuquen, Argentina 
EJO's: Comunidad Mapuche Paynemil, Comunidad Mapuche Kaxipayiñ y la Confederación Mapuche de Neuquén. Multisectorial contra el Fracking. Observatorio Petrolero del Sur (http://www.opsur.org.ar/blog/)
Companies: Repsol YPF, Chevron Corporation, Petrobras, YPF

Matsés indigenous resistance to oil exploration in Amazon, Peru&Brazil 
EJO's: UNIVAJA (federation representing indigenous groups in Brazil's Javari valley); OGM (General Mayoruna Organization in Brazil); Instituto Socioambiental (Brazil); ORPIO (regional indigenous organization)
Companies: Pacific Rubials Energy Corp, Perupetro

Polska BNK Petroleum Fracking, Poland 
EJO's: Polish Geological Institute, Polish Climate Coalition, BankWatch, Polish Green Network, Food & Water Europe (US), Polish Boell Foundation, Support of anti-fracking groups in Germany & France
Companies: BNK Petroleum Inc., BNK Polska, Indiana Investments, Saponis Investments, Esrey Energy Ltd., RAG, Sorgenia

Zurawlow shalegas field and Chevron withdrawal, Poland 
EJO's: Farmer Protest: https://www.facebook.com/FarmersProtest/?fref=ts : [email protected]; Occupy Chevron (Poland): http://occupychevron.tumblr.com/ : [email protected];
Companies: Chevron Corporation

Protests and legal action against Fracking, Coahuila, Mexico 
EJO's: Coalición de Organizaciones Mexicanas por el Derecho al Agua; Fundar; Greenpeace; Asosciación de Usuarios del Agua PRD political party has made anti-fracking statements
Companies: PEMEX, Lewis Energy Group

Resistance to Chevron-YPF Fracking, Argentina 
EJO's: Obervatorio Petrolero Sur (OPSur); OilWatch; Neuquén Platform Against Fracking; Mapuche Confederation unions;
Companies: Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales, Dow Chemical Company, Chevron Corporation

Resistance to fracking in Chihuahua, Mexico 
EJO's: Alianza Mexicana Contra el Fracking
Companies: PEMEX, Chevron Corporation, Shell Oil Company, Halliburton, Schlumberger

Resistance to fracking projects, Algeria 
EJO's: Friends of the Earth Europe, Algeria Solidarity Campaign http://algeriasolidarity.org/, Platform London, UK, Algeria Solidarity Campaign, Algerian Culture Collective, Frack Off, Parti de Gauche, Ribble Estuary Against Fracking, Comité Nationale de Defense les Droits de Chomeurs (CNDDC), Algeria, L’Observatoire Algérien des Droits de l’Homme (OADH), Algeria Anti-Shale Gas Euro-Maghreban Collective (CEMAGAS), Algeria Agir pour le changement et la démocratie en Algérie, Collectif National Pour Les Libertes Citoyennes (CNLC)
Companies: Sonatrach, Eni group, Total

Pungesti's resistance to Chevron Gas Fracking, Romania 
EJO's: Frackoff Romania coalition SOS Rosia Montana coalition Friends of the Earth Europe Food and Water Watch Europe
Companies: Chevron Corporation, OMV Petrom S.A., Halliburton, Hunt Oil, Panfora Oil & Gas, Romgaz, NIS Petrol

Gitxsan First Nation Chiefs Prohibit Pipelines in Territory, Canada 
EJO's: The Council of Canadians; The 'JLS' Report
Companies: TransCanada Corp., Pacific NorthWest LNG, Progress Energy Canada Ltd., PETRONAS

Sedano Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum in Burgos, Spain  
EJO's: http://ecologistasenaccion.org/article29977.html
Companies: BNK Petroleum Inc.

Shale gas and fracking, Denmark 
EJO's: Copenhagen Climate Collective, Greenpeace Denmark, Dansk Naturfredningsforening, Skifergas - Nej Tak ! http://www.skifergasnejtak.dk/da/
Companies: Nordsofonden, Total E&P Denmark B.V., Total

Shale Gas Fracking on Île Anticosti, Quebec, Canada 
EJO's: Non-governmental organisations : Équiterre; Greenpeace; l’Association québécoise de lutte contre la pollution atmosphérique; David Suzuki Foundation; Nature Québec; AVAAZ Other groups : Opponents of hydraulic fracking on the Gaspé peninsula and the Île-de-la-Madeleine, and members of First Nations groups; Idle-No-More movement
Companies: Petrolia Incorporated, Corridor Resources , Maurel et Prom, Junex Incorporated, St-Aubin E&P

Shell Shale Gas Project, Skåne, Sweden 
EJO's: Heaven or Shell, www.heavenorshell.se
Companies: Shell Exploration Company B.V., Royal Dutch Shell

Spektra Energy's Fracked Gas “Bridge to Nowhere”, United States 
EJO's: FANG (Fighting Against Natural Gas) 350 Conneticut Fossil Free Rhode Island Burrillville Against Spectra Expansion
Companies: Spectra Energy Corp

Unistoten Camp v. the PTP pipeline, BC, Canada 
EJO's: Algonquins of Barriere Lake, Anishinabek Oshkimaadiziig Unity Camp, Anti-Colonial Solidarity Collective-Montreal, Asubpeeschoseewagong (Grassy Narrows) Land Defenders, Boreal Forest Network, Canadian Union of Public Employees Local 3903 First Nations Solidarity Working Group, Climate Justice Research/Action (Science for Peace), Council of Canadians, Deep Green Resistance, Independent Jewish Voices-Toronto, Indigenous Action Movement, Indigenous Defenders of the Land Network, Indigenous Environmental Network, Indigenous Network on Economies and Trade, Indigenous Peoples Solidarity Movement-Ottawa, Indigenous People’s Solidarity Movement-Winnipeg, Indigenous Reoccupation of Ancestral Lands- Ancestral Pride Ahousaht Sovereign Territory, Indigenous Sovereignty and Solidarity Network-Toronto, International League of People’s Struggles-Canada, Leadnow, Média Recherche Action, Mining Justice Alliance, Mother Earth Justice Advocates, Native Youth Movement, No One Is Illegal-Toronto, No One Is Illegal-Vancouver Coast Salish Territories, Rising Tide-Vancouver Coast Salish Territories, Rising Tide-Toronto, ShitHarperDid, Sierra Club-Prairie Chapter, Stop the Pave, Streams of Justice, Submedia.tv, Tadamon, Toronto Bolivia Solidarity, Truth Fool, Turning the Tide Bookstore, Vancouver Island Community Forest Action Network.
Companies: Apache Corp., EnCana Corp, EOG Resources, Chevron Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell, Shell Canada Limited, Mitsubishi Corp., Korean Gas Corporation, LNG Canada consortium

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