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Dawei Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and Deep Sea port, Tanintharyi, Myanmar


Description

The Dawei Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and deep-sea port, if realized, would be one of the largest of its kind in Southeast Asia. Since the beginning, the project has fueled massive concerns by many local communities as well as Myanmar and Thai civil society groups, who have documented the social and environmental impacts and implications of the mega-project in several reports (see “Voices from the Ground” by the Dawei Development Association (DDA) [2], and “Our lives not for sale” by the Tavoyan Women Union (TWU)[3]).

The Dawei SEZ was initiated in 2008 as a jointly owned bilateral economic cooperation project between the governments of Thailand and Myanmar [4]. The project is comprised of an industrial estate area containing a deep seaport, an oil refinery complex, a steel mill, a fertilizer and petrochemical plant, a pulp and paper processing plant, other industrial factory complexes and one or more electric power plants [2]. The infrastructure required to establish and run the SEZ extends, however, well beyond the economic zone itself. In order to supply the necessary resources and to enable international trade, the project also includes a road to Thailand and other transport links, the construction of new oil and gas pipelines to Thailand, a large water supply dam in the hills Northeast of the SEZ, a smaller port to the South, a stone quarry for construction materials in the North, waste management facilities, and several resettlement areas for the displaced villagers [2].

Following the initial agreements in 2008, land was cleared in certain areas to commence infrastructure development. In 2010, a 60 years concession was granted to the project contractor Italian-Thai Development Plc. (ITD). Most works have been carried out in the name of the Dawei Development Company (DDC), which is a subsidiary of ITD (75%) and Max Myanmar (25%). The latter withdrew its investment in July 2012 and the project was consequently stalled. In November 2013, the concession rights for the project were transferred to a new company, referred to as ‘Special Purpose Vehicle’ (SPV), jointly owned by the governments of Myanmar and Thailand (for a chronology of events between 2008-2013, see [2]). Soon after (December 2013), the project was temporarily suspended, but negotiations and the search for adequate investors continued [2]. In 2015, the resumption of the project was announced, especially after the Japanese Government got involved by signing a Memorandum of Intent (MoI) with Thailand and Myanmar in July 2015 [5;6]. As of 2018, some preparatory and initial works have been completed, such as land clearing around the area of “Km 0” (the start of the international road to Thailand), a quarry, a small port, a visitor center, housing facilities, a resettlement area and other industrial infrastructure.

The project development has been accused of severe misconduct and adverse impacts, including a lack of transparency, a lack of meaningful consultations, violation of communities’ rights to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC), severe human rights abuses such as forced evictions, lack of meaningful compensation, inflated employment estimates, corruption, environmental destruction, land grabbing, pollution and blocking of rivers and fishing areas, livelihood loss, and the harassment of people opposing the project [1;2;3;4;7;8;9]. Many villagers face a daily struggle to survive and to access food, following the grave land and livelihood loss [1;2;8]. Women are particularly affected due to their traditional gender roles and related discrimination (see report [3]). For instance, women have received even less information about the project and were excluded from decision making processes. Shellfish collection along the seashore – a traditional source of income for women – has been restricted due to reduced access to the coast. Sexual harassment by workers has also become a concern [3]. 

It has been estimated that if fully developed, the project would directly affect 20-36 villages with about 22,000 to 43,000 people [2]. Villagers would lose to the project their farmlands, forests and fishing areas, as well as cultural and sacred sites, and would have to bear the environmental impacts of the project [2,7]. The loss of natural and traditionally used ecosystems would also threaten biodiversity and endemic species [2]. Given the massive social and environmental transformation the Dawei SEZ brings for the entire region, civil society groups recognize a long-lasting impacts for people: “Dawei society – from the sea to the fields to the highlands, from Dawei town to all surrounding areas, from Dawei migrants working abroad to their friends and family in Dawei – will experience profound and long-lasting changes as a result of the SEZ. Dawei society’s land and livelihoods, shared histories and traditions, ecologies and cultures, and ability to build common futures are all under threat” [1, page 1].

Manifold mobilizations, protests and interventions against the project and its many components have been taken place. For example, in July 2011, the Karen National Union (KNU) stopped the construction of the international road connecting the SEZ to Thailand, after local communities alleged their lands were taken for the construction. In December 2011, DDA held a press conference in Yangon to express concerns about the project’s impacts on locals. In January 2012, local groups organized a campaign against the proposed coal-fired power plant that would supply the SEZ with energy. During the same month, 18 civil society groups in Thailand, supported by Thai scholars and intellectuals, held a press conference to question the Thai government over the contentious project. In April 2012, Karen villagers affected by the road construction expressed strong opposition and walked out of a meeting with the Environmental Research Institute of Chulalongkorn University (ERIC), who came to collect data for an environmental assessment report (EA), because they doubted the team’s neutrality. In August, September and November 2012, villagers from Kalonehtar protested against the water reservoir and dam, which would submerge 182 households. In January 2013, cyclist activists began a 10-day bicycle ride from Yangon to the SEZ site to raise public awareness over the environmental concerns. Many other protests were held against the Dawei SEZ. (For an overview of events see [2]).

Civil society organizations conducted furthermore in-depth research on the impacts and implications of the mega-project based on large research teams of up to 64 members, using both quantitative (random household surveys) and qualitative methods (focus groups, interviews) [2]. Different groups published several reports, such as “Voices from the Ground (Dawei Development Association, 2014, see [2]), “Land grabbing in Dawei (Paung Ku and TNI, 2012, see [7]), or “Our lives not for sale” (Tavoyan Women Union, 2014, see [3]). The groups documented the project’s adverse impacts and reminded of the legal obligations according to international, national and regional standards to protect and respect the rights of affected communities. Related appeals were raised to the Myanmar and Thai National Human Rights Commissions, as well as to the involved private corporations. Recommendations for the involved governments, companies and Human Rights Commissions were put forward (see [2;3;7]).

In October 2014, DDA activists met with Thailand’s National Human Rights Commission (NHRCT) to submit the research findings on the Dawei SEZ [10]. Some Thai officials reportedly deflected the blame onto the Burmese government [5]. The Thai NHRCT issued a report in 2015, acknowledging some rights violations while continuing to investigate the case [11;12]. Despite of the concerns and mobilizations, the resumption of the project was announced in 2015 [5;6].

Civil society groups questioned also the legality of the Social and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and argued that land acquisition and resettlement arrangements were inconsistent with national law and international standards [4;8]. While EIAs have been conducted under the initial phase for the 10 projects that are part of the SEZ, no site-wide EIA has been conducted as required by national law [1]. 

On February 20, 2018, a coalition of 36 civil society organizations signed a statement expressing their profound concerns over the resumption of the project [1]. In the statement they expressed five demands to be addressed: First, the project cannot resume until all former problems have been completely resolved; second, the conduction of a site-wide EIA as required under Myanmar law; third, provision of accurate information about all aspects of project implementation to all people; fourth, to assure meaningful community participation that allows people to give or withhold their consent to the project overall, and lastly, the development of alternative development strategies that are not based on top-down planning of dirty industries that only benefit a few economic, political and military elites. Strategies should be based on sustainable small-scale agriculture, fisheries, customary forestry and community-based tourism [1]. “These practices provide livelihoods and maintain the environment for the vast majority of people in Dawei. They support social solidarity, and forms of life that question the assumption that modern industry and market capitalism are the natural end points for all societies” [1, page 2], argues the CSO coalition. 

Basic Data

NameDawei Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and Deep Sea port, Tanintharyi, Myanmar
CountryMyanmar
ProvinceTanintharyi
SiteDawei
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Chemical industries
Metal refineries
Manufacturing activities
Thermal power plants
Ports and airport projects
Specific CommoditiesWater
Land
trade and logistics services
Coal
Steel
Sand, gravel
Manufactured Products

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsThe Dawei Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar, is one of three planned SEZs in Myanmar. The other two are Thilawa SEZ in Southern Yangon and Kyaukphyu SEZ in Rakhine.

Thailand’s interest in the project is strategic. It is Bangkok’s closes gateway to the Andaman Sea, as well as to India and the Middle East. Thailand faces furthermore limits to expand its domestic petrochemical estate at Map Ta Phut due to strong citizens’ resistances against the vast social and environmental impacts [3]. The Dawei SEZ would be about ten times bigger than the Map Ta Phut estate, informs the Tavoyan Women Union [3].

By linking up with several economic corridors across Southeast Asia, the Dawei SEZ is also part of a broader regional development plan. Myanmar’s interest to develop the project has been strong. Even an own legal framework has been developed for the project, the Dawei Special Economic Zone Law, drafted in 2011 [7].

The project has been declared in an area covering 204.51 km2 (20,451 ha). It was estimated that about 50 billion USD of investment capital would be required to develop the SEZ. The project has had difficulties in securing this large investment [2,7].

The development of the SEZ is divided into two phases. The initial phase involves: a 2-lane road-link (Dawei SEZ to Myanmar-Thai border, about 130km); an initial industrial zone of 27 km2; a small port; an LNG terminal; small power plants; a small water reservoir (with water treatment plant); a township plan for employees; a Telecom landline [6].

The entire zone consists of ten projects: an industrial estate area containing a deep seaport, and oil refinery complex, a steel mill, a fertilizer and petrochemical plant, a pulp and paper processing plant, other industrial factory complexes and one or more electric power plants [2]. The deep-sea port will have a harbour for 54 vessels, including large container ships [3]. The plans for the project's power source have changed over time. It originally included a large 4,000 MW coal-fired power plant, which was later announced to be cancelled over “environmental problems” [2, page 11]. Plans of other coal and natural gas power plants providing up to 7,000 MW were discussed but not yet developed. Civil society groups said that only little information on the project components was made public [2].

According to the report by the Dawei Development Association [2], about 20-36 villages would be directly affected, comprised of 4,384 – 7,807 households (approx. 22,000-43,000 people). Many more people in the surrounding coastal, urban and urban areas are likely to suffer negative environmental impacts, says DDA. Unofficial estimates accounting for direct and indirect impacts of land grabs and related environmental change amount to up to 500,000 potentially affected people [7].

The project proponents have changed over time. Mekong Watch [6] reports the involvement of the following companies:

2008-2013: Most works have been carried under the Dawei Development Company (DDC), which is a joint venture by ITD (75%) and Max Myanmar (25%). Max Myanmar withdrew its investment in July 2012.

2013: ITD lost their concession rights, which were transferred to the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company, the Dawei SEZ Development Company Ltd, jointly owned by the Thai and Burmese government.

2015: The Myandawei Industrial Estate Company Ltd. (MIE) was established as a joint venture between ITD and Rojana Industrial Park Public Company Ltd. ITD, Rojana and LNG Plus International Company Ltd. were granted concessions for the initial project phase. The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) joined the Dawei SEZ Development Co. Ltd. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has supported the project technically and financially [8].

As of February 2018, seven out of 10 EIAs and SIAs have been approved, while three were still under consideration. Environmental Resources Management (ERM) has been the consultant on the land lease contracts, compensation and relocation works [8].
Project Area (in hectares)20,451
Level of Investment (in USD)50,000,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population22,000-43,000 directly affected
Start Date2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesItalian-Thai Development Public Company Limited (Italthai) from Thailand
Dawei Development Company Ltd. (DDC) from Myanmar - construction services
Max Myanmar Holding Co., Ltd. from Myanmar - construction services, shareholder until 2012
Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company from Myanmar - project developer
Dawei SEZ Development Company Ltd from Myanmar - project developer
Myandawei Industrial Estate Company Ltd. (MIE) (MIE) from Myanmar - project developer
Rojana Industrial Park Public Company Ltd from Thailand - project developer
LNG Plus International Company Ltd. from Thailand - project developer
Environmental Resource Management (ERM ) - EIA consultant
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Myanmar

Government of Thailand

Government of Japan
International and Financial InstitutionsJapan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (JICA) from Japan
Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) (JBIC) from Japan
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCivil Society Organizations that signed the 2018 statement on the project

1. Dawei Development Association (DDA)

2. Dawei ProBono Lawyer Network (DPLN)

3. Tavoyan Women’s Union (TWU)

4. Tanintharyi River Indigenous People Network (TRIP-NET)

5. Community Sustainable Livelihoods and Development (CSLD)

6. Rays of Kamoethway Indigenous People and Nature (RKIPN)

7. Paung Ku

8. Progressive Voice

9. Community Response Group (ComReG)

10. IFI Watch Myanmar

11. Myanmar China Pipeline Watch Committee

12. Andin Youth Group, Pharlain Community

13. Capacity Building for Youth (Mon, Karen, Dawei)

14. Farmers and Landworkers Union (Myanmar)

15. Environmental Conservation and Farmer Development Organization (Shan)

16. ကမ္းေျခအားမာန္ ေရလုပ္သားဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႕

17. Thanphyuzayut Mon Youth

18. Belin Network

19. Pyar Taung Social Development

20. သင္႔ျမတ္လိုသူမ်ား၏ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလမ္းစဥ္အဖြဲ႕ (POPP)

21. Action Groups for Farmers Affairs

22. ေရႊျခေသ့ၤလူမႈေစာင့္ေ႐ွာက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔(ေ႐ွြဘို).

23. ေရႊျခေသ့ၤေတာင္သူကြန္ရက္(ေရႊဘိုခ႐ိုင္)

24. တြံေတးကြန္ယက္

25. Bedar

26. Shwe Maw Won

27. Thilawa Social Development Group

28. Myanmar Alliance for Transparency & Accountability ( Mandalay Regional Working Group)

29. The Mekong Butterfly

30. Community Resource Center Foundation (CRC)

31. Spirit in Education Movement (SEM)

32. Extra Territorial Obligation Watch (ETO Watch)

33. EarthRights International (ERI)

34. Ecological Alert and Recovery – Thailand (EARTH)

35. Focus on the Global South

36. Land Watch Thai

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Ethnic Karen and Tavoyan
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation

Impacts

Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil erosion
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Militarization and increased police presence, Other socio-economic impacts, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Othermassive rise in land prices, related speculation and squeezing out of farmers and villagers from the area [e].

Outcome

Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Institutional changes
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Project temporarily suspended
Women were harassed and threatened with sexual violence after publishing their report on the impacts on women [9]
Development of AlternativesThe CSO coalition that signed the statement in 2018 argues that the development of alternative development strategies must not be based on top-down planning of dirty industries that only benefit a few economic, political and military elites. Strategies should be based on sustainable small-scale agriculture, fisheries, customary forestry and community-based tourism [1]. “These practices provide livelihoods and maintain the environment for the vast majority of people in Dawei. They support social solidarity, and forms of life that question the assumption that modern industry and market capitalism are the natural end points for all societies” [1, page 2].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The project was suspended several times and has provoked a strong civil society response. However, plans are made to continue the project

Sources and Materials

Legislations

2012 Foreign Investment Law
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/Foreign_Investment_Law-21-2012-en.pdf

2012 Environmental Conservation Law
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/2012-environmental_conservation_law-PH_law-09-2012-en.pdf

2014 Environmental Conservation Rules
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/2014-06-Environmental_Conservation_Rules-en.pdf

2012 Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law
https://www.lift-fund.org/sites/lift-fund.org/files/uploads/Vacant,%20Fallow%20.....%20Land%20Law.pdf

2015 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Procedure
http://www.myanmar-responsiblebusiness.org/resources/environmental-impact-assessment-procedures.html

2016 Myanmar Investment Law
https://www.dica.gov.mm/sites/dica.gov.mm/files/document-files/myanmar_investment_law_official_translation_3-1-2017.pdf

2012 Farmland Law
https://www.lift-fund.org/sites/lift-fund.org/files/uploads/Land%20Law.pdf

2014 Myanmar Special Economic Zone Law
https://www.dica.gov.mm/sites/dica.gov.mm/files/document-files/sez_law.pdf

2011 Dawei Special Economic Zone Law
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/2011-SPDC_Law2011-17-Dawei-SEZ-Law-en&bu-ocr.pdf

References

Sekine Y. 2016 "Land Confiscations and Collective Action in Myanmar’s Dawei Special Economic Zone Area: Implications for Rural Democratization". Global governance/politics, climate justice & agrarian/social justice: linkages and challenges. Colloquium Paper No. 59. (accessed online 09.01.2019)
https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/59-icas_cp_sekine.pdf

[2] Dawei Development Association (DDA), 2014 "Voices from the Ground". Concerns over the Dawei Special Economic Zone and Related Projects. (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

[3] Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale - Tavoyan women speak out against the Dawei Special Economic Zone project". (accessed on 09.01.2019).
http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf

[7] Paung Ku and Transnational Institute, September 2012. "Land Grabbing in Dawei (Myanmar/Burma): a (Inter)National Human Rights Concern" (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://www.tni.org/files/download/dawei_land_grab.pdf

Links

[5] Wikipedia on the Dawei Port Project (accessed on 26.10.2018).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawei_Port_Project

[1] Statement on government plans to resume the Dawei special economic zone (SEZ) project, Dawei, Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar, February 20, 2018 (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://progressivevoicemyanmar.org/2018/02/20/statement-on-government-plans-to-resume-the-dawei-special-economic-zone-sez-project/

[4] The Myanmar Times, 22 Feb 2018. "Dawei SEZ is for the few, not the many" (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://www.mmtimes.com/news/dawei-sez-few-not-many.html

[6] Mekong Watch, 10 November 2016. "Fact Sheet Project Name: Myanmar/Burma: Dawei Special Economic Zone Development Project" (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://mekongwatch.files.wordpress.com/2015/10/dawei_factsheet_eng_2016nov10.pdf

[8] The Myanmar Times, 19 Feb 2018. "Dawei SEZ’s grave human rights violations, forced evictions and flawed EIAs come under fire" (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://www.mmtimes.com/news/dawei-sezs-grave-human-rights-violations-forced-evictions-and-flawed-eias-come-under-fire.html

[9]Tavoyan Women's Union, Press Release, 25 February, 2015. "Women Activists Facing Harassment by Proponents of Dawei Special Economic Zone" (accessed on 09.01.2019).
http://www.burmapartnership.org/2015/02/women-activists-facing-harassment-by-proponents-of-dawei-special-economic-zone/

[10] The Irrawaddy, 21 October 2014. "Thai Human Rights Commission Hears Concerns About Dawei SEZ" (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/thai-human-rights-commission-hears-concerns-dawei-sez.html

[11] The National Human Rights Commission of Thailand, 23 November 2015. "Report of the consideration No. 1220/2558. Community rights: the case of Dawei Deep Seaport and Special Economic Zone Project in Myanmar which Thailand has signed the MoU to co-develop and it has violated the human rights of Dawei people". (accessed on 09.01.2019).
http://mekongwatch.org/PDF/daweiNHRCT_ReportFull_ENG.pdf

[12] Earthrights International. "Dawei Special Economic Zone: one of the largest planned industrial zones in Southeast Asia could harm tens of thousands of people." (accessed on 09.01.2019).
https://earthrights.org/case/dawei-special-economic-zone/

Project homepage, by Myandawei Industrial Estate Co. Ltd (accessed on 09.10.2019)
http://www.daweiindustrialestate.com/page_a.php?cid=86

Media Links

DDSP Project and Local Villagers' Desire (Eng)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=01LFlWAxV80&feature=youtu.be

Other Documents

Report cover
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/a_Voices_from_the_Ground_cover.png

Women protesting the arrest of their husbands Source: Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale". http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/f_women_protests_against_arrest_of_their_husbands.png

Liveihoods and cultural sites affected by the project Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_livelihood_and_cultural_sites_affected_by_DSEZ.png

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_no_dam_ballon.png

Stopping road construction Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_stopping_road_construction.png

research by civil society groups Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_CSO_reseach_by_DDA.png

Relocation sites Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_relocation_sites.png

Construction activities on villagers' land Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_construction_activites_on_villagers_land.png

Dawei Deep Sea Port Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_Dawei_Deep_Seaport.png

Development Plans Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_development_plans__2014_.png

campaigns Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_villager_campaigns_aginats_re.png

Protests against coal power plant Source: Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale". http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/f_protests_against_coal_fired_power_plant.png

Protests against oil refinery Source: Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale". http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/f_protests_against_oil_refinery.png

planned road to Thailand Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf
https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/d_planned_access_road_to_Thailand.png

Other CommentsFor a further list of media reports on the issue, see Wikipedia on the Dawei Special Economic Zone (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawei_Port_Project)

Meta Information

ContributorEJatlas Southeast Asia Team (ejatlas.asia"at"gmail.com)
Last update09/01/2019

Images

 

Report cover "Voices from the Ground"

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Women protesting the arrest of their husbands

Source: Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale". http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf

Construction activities on villagers' land

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Liveihoods and cultural sites affected by the project

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Stopping road construction

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

research by civil society groups

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Dawei Deep Sea Port

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Development Plans

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

campaigns

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Protests against coal power plant

Source: Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale". http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf

Protests against oil refinery

Source: Tavoyan Women Union (TWU), 2014 "Our lives not for sale". http://womenofburma.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Our-Lives-Not-for-Sale_English.pdf

planned road to Thailand

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf

Relocation sites

Source: Dawei Development Association (DDA), "Voices from the Ground" (2014). https://earthrights.org/wp-content/uploads/voice_from_the_ground_eng_online.compressed.pdf