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Raj West Power Ltd in Barmer, RJ, India


In 2007, Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Ltd (RSSML) has signed agreement with Raj West Power Limited (a wholly owned subsidiary of JSW Energy) for setting up a power plant in Barmer district of Rajasthan. The proposed plant was conceptualized as a joint venture project between RSSML and Raj West Power limited.

A "Phase I" of 8x135 MW units was completed in 2013. An additional 2x135 MW units are planned.

The project is a state government entity with 51 percent stake is owned by RSMML. The name of the new proposed joint venture was ‘Barmer Lignite Mining Corporation’. The estimated cost of the project was about Rs 5,000-crore. The initial generation capacity was about 1,000 MW. The project is the second major lignite power project in Rajasthan state [1] and lignite will be sourced from neighbouring Jalipa and Kapurdi villages. The company is planning to bring water from the Indira Gandhi Canal near Jaisalmer, 200 km away, through a pipeline.

The proposed power plant was conceptualized in 2007. The land acquisition for the project was initiated accordingly. The Rajasthan state Government planned to acquire about 8,000 hectares of land for the project. It is estimated that the land acquisition is going to affect 40,000 people in and around 30 villages. Fearing the loss of land and livelihood villagers staged protest in various forms. Initially, they did not allow government officials to enter into villages for land survey and formed an anti-acquisition group in December 2007.

According to Kusvinder Singh, the lawyer representing the farmers, those who have sold their land got monetary compensation, not land as required by the 2007 R&R policy. The organization filed a case against Jindal subsidiary RajWest Power in the Jodhpur bench of the Rajasthan High Court for the proper assessment of land and livelihood and for lack of measures to mitigate environmental and social impacts. [2] The protesting organizations, Gram Sewa Sahakari Samiti and the Sangarsh Samiti, have started indefinite dharna (sit in protest) in the village in 2007. They even stopped construction works at the project site [4].

Basic Data

NameRaj West Power Ltd in Barmer, RJ, India
SiteVillage- Bhadresh, Kapoordi; District- Barmer
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level

Source of Conflict

Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors

Project DetailsRaj WestPower Limited (RWPL)’s Barmer plant is located in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan. The plant has a capacity to produce 1,080MW (8X 135MW) of power. The plant use low quality lignite coal as fuel source, sourced from neighboring Jalipa and Kapurdi villages. The Barmer plant is based on the CFBC technology. Using this technology the plant can use low quality lignite coal which also has high sulphur and moisture levels as fuel source. Lignite is supplied by Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Ltd (RWPL) from their captive mine at Kapurdi in Barmer. RWPL has a power purchase agreement with the Government of Rajasthan [3].
Project Area (in hectares)8,000
Level of Investment (in USD)$821,962,822 (Rs. 5,000 Crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population40,000-50,000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesJSW Energy Limited (JSWEL) from India
Raj WestPower Limited (RWPL) from India - Owner
Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Limited (RSSML) from India - Joint Venture Partner
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Rajasthan

Rajasthan High Court
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGram Sewa Sahakari Samiti

Sangarsh Samiti

The Conflict and the Mobilization

Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesTheir demands include higher compensation rate, rehabilitation and resettlement of the displaced families, compensation for houses and trees and employment to local youth [4].

According to the website "Indian Environmental Portal", "Farmers in Rohili ki dhani, Lakhitali, Ishwarpura and Botiya villages say the government is offering them a Rs 142,000 per ha when the market value is four times this. Asked about the right price, Bhire Ram of Bhadres villages said, "There is no question of the right price. We cannot contemplate selling our land. What use is a farmer without his land?'"

Farmers do not want to give away their lands.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.According to the farmers of the affected villages, they were getting inadequate level of compensation. They alleged that government had offered them very low rate of compensation which is about one fourth of the market rate at that time. However, they are not willing to sell their land with any amount of compensation rate. Also, the farmers of the affected villages believed that the project might not needed 8,000 hectare. They sensed conspiracy of land grabbing. The company may use the acquired land for real estate business or even sell the land at profit to other industries [2]

Sources and Materials


Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013

The Rajasthan Tenancy (Amendment) Bill, 2010


"Global Coal Risk Assessment", World Resources Institute, Ailun Yang, Yiyun Cui, Miao Pan


[1] Raj West Power in deal to set up power project in Barmer

[2] Barmer farmers protest Jindal power project

[3] Barmer plant

[4] Villagers oppose Jindal's thermal power plant at Barmer district

[5] Barmer farmers protest Jindal power project

Sourcewatch: JSW Barmer (Jalipa Kapurdi) power station

Other Documents

Barmer farmers protest Jindal power project Source :

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ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update05/02/2015



Barmer farmers protest Jindal power project

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