Valdevaqueros is one of the last virgin beaches in Tarifa. Its 70 hectares are part of the Estrecho Natural Parc, which is protected by European law and has been declared a Biosphere Reserve.
In May 2012, Tarifas Town Council approved an urbanistic plan to build a macro-tourist complex and 350 houses in Valdevaqueros.
Opposition to the project emerged, uniting different people (from surfers to locals, to environmental NGOs). They organised a social network campaign and during 2012 Valdevaqueros became an iconic struggle against construction in protected spaces. One of the main arguments was to link the Spanish economic crisis to the housing bubble and what is known as the brick economy (economia de ladrillo) and demand a final halt to this model of development. The Plataforma Salvemos Valdevaqueros also brought the case before the Spanish and European Courts.
In July 2013, the Andalucian regional government made public a new urbanistic plan for the Andalucian coast in which Valdevaqueros was protected from further urbanistic initiatives by the Tarifa Town Council.