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“034 Metal Recycling” polluting Kragujevac, Serbia


In 2000, the old shoe factory located in the city of Kragujevac was privatized by the company “034 Metal Recycling” DOO and modified into a metals recycling industry. This metal foundry is situated only 10 m from the nearest houses and 100 m from the kindergarten and city park built by the citizens of Kragujevac.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:“034 Metal Recycling” polluting Kragujevac, Serbia
Location of conflict:Kragujevac
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Metal refineries
Specific commodities:Recycled Metals
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The foundry recycled 5,000 tonnes of metal waste including aluminium, lead, copper among other metals.

Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:150,000
Start of the conflict:2000
End of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:034 Metal Recycling DOO from Serbia - Owner of the foundry
Relevant government actors:The Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; Regional and Republic Inspectorate of Environmental Protection.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Civil association Eko park (; Civil association Eko-mreza; Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa (
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Other Health impactsRespiratory diseases, asthma and bronchitis in kids.
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Factory closure
Development of alternatives:The citizens demanded respecting the environmental law, displacement of the foundry to a distance of at least 500 m from the closest settlement, and installation of air filters to prevent further air pollution, and finally closing the foundry. Closing was the least preferred solution as the factory was providing many workplaces. The company claimed use of clean technology explaining that the factory was located in industrial zone as well as that the houses located in its immediate vicinity were built illegally. The Ministry of Environment proposed installation of automatic air quality measurements that would help follow the pollution and react in cases of exceeding the permitted levels.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The grassroots organizing of the local community did not have significant influence on the current closure of the factory. The factory was closed due to a tax fraud and bankruptcy.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Porez preči od zdravlja i prirode
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Livnica zagađuje naselje
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Neće livnicu u komšiluku
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Ubi ih Livnica
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Livnica pored parka i obdaništa
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Livnica nastavlja zagađivanje
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"034 metal industry" još bez kupca
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Nema kupca za livnicu
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Uzaludni protesti zbog zagađenja
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Blokiraćemo jer nas guše!
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Zatvaranje po svaku cenu
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Novi oblak iz Livnice
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Livnivca zagađuje naselje
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Vlasnik livnice oštetio budžet za 3,9 miliona evra
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Documentary movie by NGO Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa (Serbian)
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update26/06/2014
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