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Third Airport in Istanbul, Turkey

Istanbul Airport is Istanbul’s third international airport. The grand ceremonial opening was on 29th October 2018. Istanbul Airport project has been full of conflicts from various angles since the beginning, foremost about its location.


Istanbul's Third Airport Project (henceforward Istanbul Airport), was auctioned by the General Directorate of Infrastructure Investments of the Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications on 3 May 2013 with the "Build-Operate-Transfer" model. The auction was won by Cengiz - Kolin - Limak - MAPA - Kalyon Joint Venture Group with 10 billion 247 million euro (cost), 22 billion 152 million euro (tender price). The project's architectural owners have been Grimshaw, Nordic Office of Architecture, Haptic Architects. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Third Airport in Istanbul, Turkey
State or province:Yeniköy- Akpınar Villages; Borders of Akpınar, İhsaniye, Odayeri, Baklalı, Zafer, Karaburun Villages
Location of conflict:Istanbul
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project covers an area of ​​91.666.158 m2. It was originally decided to be built at Silivri-Gazitepe, in the 2009 Istanbul Environmental Plan. However, this plan was ignored and the location of the project was determined as Yeniköy-Akpınar villages within the borders of the Northern Forests. The project is located at Arnavutköy and Eyüp Districts, in the European Side of Istanbul, and is built on the border of Akpınar, Ihsaniye, Odayeri, Baklalı, Zafer, Karaburun Villages. It covers an area of ​​approximately 10 kilometers long and 7.5 kilometers wide.

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Project area:7,659
Level of Investment for the conflictive project12,000,000,000.00
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:15,000,000
Company names or state enterprises:Istanbul Grand Airport from Turkey
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Soil contamination
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills, Soil erosion, Other Environmental impacts, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Accidents
Other Health impactsWorker deaths during construction
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Repression
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Istanbul airport is built and in operation
Sources & Materials

[1] Middle East Online - Workers at new Istanbul airport held for protesting

500 workers arrested at construction site of new Istanbul airport for protesting work-related deaths, poor conditions.

Sunday 16/09/2018
[click to view]

Hurryet Daily News

June 08 2014

Activists denounce destruction of forests in colorful third airport protest
[click to view]

3. Havalimanı Bütünsel Bir Felakettir
[click to view]

Danıştay 3. havalimanı inşaatında o raporu bozdu
[click to view]

3. havalimanı projesi ekolojik bir felaket yaratır
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Northern Forests Defence 3rd Airport Project Report
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Northern Forests Defense
Last update05/02/2019
Conflict ID:4023
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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