Last update:
2017-03-23

Destruction of Adloun Port, Lebanon

The coast of Adloun, one of the few remaining beaches in Lebanon that have not yet been privatised, is being demolished by the government to build Nabih Berri Fishermen's Port.


Description:

Lebanon’s historic Adloun coast, believed to be the location of an ancient Phoenician port town and a valuable heritage, is being destroyed to build a port to be known as “Nabih Berri Fishermen’s Port”, named after the head of the Amal movement in Lebanon, a political party and an important Shi'a militia during the Lebanese Civil War, and the country's Speaker of Parliament since 1992. While the official announcement of the project was on 14 September 2014, bulldozers arrived on site on January 15, 2016, and started working without informing the locals.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Destruction of Adloun Port, Lebanon
Country:Lebanon
State or province:South Lebanon
Location of conflict:Adloun
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

There have been various archaeological excavations of Adloun beach dating back to the 1800s, where archaeological sites have been discovered dating back to the Middle Palaeolithic Age [7] . The current site where the project is ongoing has not been properly studied. However, Adloun beach has become yet another zone of public maritime domain seized for private interests and luxury development. As Habib Battah, a local investigative journalist, has reported, there are around 5 illegal resorts on public maritime property for every kilometre of Lebanon’s 220 Kilometre coastline. [5]

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Project area:16.4
Level of Investment:26,600,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:15/01/2016
Company names or state enterprises:Khoury Contracting Company from Lebanon
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
Governor of South Lebanon
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The Green Southerners
The Civil Campaign to Protect the Dalieh of Raouche
NAHNOO
Greenline
The Lebanese Eco Movement
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Other Environmental impactsLoss of archeological heritage
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Development of alternatives:The Green Southerners propose reclaiming their archeological and cultural heritage as a means of preserving their historical identity.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project is ongoing and mobilisations against it by activists has halted.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[1] Decree 8633 specifying conditions for conducting an EIA
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Article by the Legal Agenda on the protest in front of the National Museum
[click to view]

[2] Construction of Adloun Port demolishes ancient Phoenician town
[click to view]

[4] Zeaiter visits the site of the Adloun port project
[click to view]

[5] How the historic Adloun coast is becoming “Nabih Berri Port”
[click to view]

The Minister of Environment issues a notice to the Ministry of Public Works requesting the cessation of the construction due to violations of Decree 8633
[click to view]

[6] A report by Al Akbar highlighting the corruption in the bidding process
[click to view]

South Construction Company files a lawsuit against the Ministry of Public Works
[click to view]

On sea turtles in Adloun
[click to view]

[7] An article by GreaaArea on the historical significance Adloun beach
[click to view]

[13] Article highlighting the similarities between the Adloun an Dalieh cases
[click to view]

[11] The new name of Adloun’s port, Nabih Berri Port, says it all
[click to view]

The municipality of Adloun supports the Adloun port project
[click to view]

Statement by the Civil Campaign to Protect the Dalieh of Raouche regarding the Adloun port project
[click to view]

[8] Deforestation in Ansar village for rock quarries
[click to view]

Article about the historical significance of Adloun coast from the Green Southener's website
[click to view]

[12] Adloun port project destroys ancient Phoenician town
[click to view]

Article about the history of Adloun and the significance of its archeological sites
[click to view]

[13] A public statement by the Green Southerners after the start of the construction works on Adloun coast
[click to view]

Adloun Port: Another environmental transgression by the Lebanese government
[click to view]

Green Southerners demand from the Ministry of Environment to classify Adloun coast as a protected area
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[3] A report by Al Jadeed TV, stating that Phoenician port site has not been properly excavated
[click to view]

Facebook page of the Green Southerners
[click to view]

Official Website of the Green Southerners
[click to view]

Protest by environmental organisation in front of the national museum
[click to view]

Other documents

Detailed map of the project
[click to view]

Letter of Environment Minister to Public Works Minister
[click to view]

Map of the project
[click to view]

Construction happening on Adloun beach; Credit: Elie Fares
[click to view]

Sea turtle at Adloun Beach; Credit: Green Southerners
[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

Other comments:Thanks to Mohammad Ayoub from NAHNOO for providing maps and legal documents.
Meta information
Contributor:Catherine Moughalian, Asfari Institute, AUB
Last update23/03/2017
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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