Advance Agro plantations, Thailand


Advance Agro is the biggest pulp and paper producer of Thailand. Most of its production is for the external market. It was founded in 1989 and part of the agribusiness Soon Hua Seng (SHS) Group that started planting eucalyptus in the 1980ies. The company was denunciated in 1990 for deforestation when employees cut native forest to make away for eucalyptus. Also rice production got affected of fields adjacent to the plantations and villagers complained about intimidation by company employees. The subsidiary involved in the plantations is called Agro Lines. Villagers living close to the pulp mill also complained about impacts. The last news from 2008 from this company was plans to expand pulp production and also to expand plantations in the neigboring country Laos. Most of the eucalyptus wood would be produced by contract farmers

Basic Data
NameAdvance Agro plantations, Thailand
ProvincePrachinburi and Chachoengsao provinces
SiteEastern Thailand
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesPulp And Paper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSoon Hua Seng
Project Area (in hectares):no precise info; at least tens of thousands of há
Level of Investment (in USD):The announced expansion project in 2008 would be of US$ 200 million
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population:at least hundreds of people
Start Date1990
Company Names or State EnterprisesAdvance Agro from Thailand
Soon Hua Seng Group from Thailand
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Several national and international banks have been involved
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThai NGOs in the 1990ies
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Company continues working and claims that most of its wood comes from contract farming with peasants
Sources and Materials

Chris Lang. Plantations, poverty and power: Europe´s role in the expansion of the pulp industry in the South, 2008. WRM
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014