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Advance Agro plantations, Thailand


Advance Agro is the biggest pulp and paper producer of Thailand. Most of its production is for the external market. It was founded in 1989 and part of the agribusiness Soon Hua Seng (SHS) Group that started planting eucalyptus in the 1980ies. The company was denunciated in 1990 for deforestation when employees cut native forest to make away for eucalyptus. Also rice production got affected of fields adjacent to the plantations and villagers complained about intimidation by company employees. The subsidiary involved in the plantations is called Agro Lines. Villagers living close to the pulp mill also complained about impacts. The last news from 2008 from this company was plans to expand pulp production and also to expand plantations in the neigboring country Laos. Most of the eucalyptus wood would be produced by contract farmers

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Advance Agro plantations, Thailand
State or province:Prachinburi and Chachoengsao provinces
Location of conflict:Eastern Thailand
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Cellulose
Pulp And Paper
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Soon Hua Seng

Project area::no precise info; at least tens of thousands of há
Level of Investment::The announced expansion project in 2008 would be of US$ 200 million
Type of populationRural
Affected Population::at least hundreds of people
Start of the conflict:1990
Company names or state enterprises:Advance Agro from Thailand
Soon Hua Seng Group from Thailand
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Several national and international banks have been involved
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Thai NGOs in the 1990ies
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsObs
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Company continues working and claims that most of its wood comes from contract farming with peasants
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Chris Lang. Plantations, poverty and power: Europe´s role in the expansion of the pulp industry in the South, 2008. WRM
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Winnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014
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