Agip pipeline leaks gas in Ebocha community, Nigeria


Ebocha Community in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area of Rivers State is home to Agip’s Ebocha, Obrikom and Obiafu Oil and Gas Facility. The people of Ebocha are from the Ogba speaking tribe in Onelga. The community is rich in natural gas and hosts the state-owned gas turbine facility. The community has several huge and active gas stacks. The Ogba people are predominantly fishermen and farmers and depend on the little streams including the Orashi River as source of water for the community.ERA monitors visited the community on the 22 August, 2010 following a report of a fire incident on the Obiafu Obrikom Road resulting from gas leakage from Agip pipeline. Witnesses around the scene of the unpleasant incident claim that the bus and the driver were burnt.

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Basic Data
NameAgip pipeline leaks gas in Ebocha community, Nigeria
SiteEbocha Community, Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific Commodities
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)unknown
Level of Investment (in USD)unknown
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Populationunknown
Start Date21/08/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNational Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency , Federal Ministry of Environment, National Environmental standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency , Department of Petroleum Resources
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Fires, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Deaths
Potential: Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Development of Alternatives1. Agip should as a matter of urgency begin the changing of all pipes in the Ebocha/Obiafu Obrikom Oil Fields.

2. Agip should with other agencies carry out a comprehensive Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) report.

3. Proper compensations should be given to the affected victims of Agips negligence.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Fire out break resulted in loss of life. Agip delayed fixing their leaking pipelines yet there was no talk of compensation.
Sources and Materials

The National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), a Federal Government parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban development, was established under the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment) Act 15, 2006 as the institutional framework for the implementation of the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan.

National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Act was signed into law by President Umaru Musa Yar’ Adua GCFR and was published in the Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette No92, Vol 94 of 31st July, 2007.


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Meta Information
ContributorMaria Obaseki
Last update08/04/2014