Agip Spill at Brass Terminal, Nigeria


Odioama is a Nembe-speaking Ijaw community with several satellite settlements along the fringes of the Atlantic Ocean and the St. Nicholas River which empties into the Atlantic. The occupation of the locals is fishing because of its strategic location. Fisher folks from outside the community have also settled in the environment and derive their means of livelihood from there. In December 2011 Shell Bonga spill occurred and after ERA/FoEN received confirmation of the spread of the Bonga spill to the Odioama and its environs truncating community’s livelihoods. While the people and environment are yet to recover from the impacts of the Bonga spill of 2011; fisher folks from the community reported on Friday 29th November 2012 of a major spill from the Nigerian Agip Oil Brass Terminal has just discharged yet to be ascertained volume of crude into the Atlantic ocean affected the Odioama community and environs. With a physical observation of the environment. Signs of crude oil were observed and captured. Vegetation and other materials along the sand banks were seen soiled with crude oil which was very thick in some areas. To compound the problems from the spill, fishermen have been advised to stop fishing, leaving them without hope for survival.

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Basic Data
NameAgip Spill at Brass Terminal, Nigeria
ProvinceBrass Local Government Area, Bayelsa State
SiteOdioama Community
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Oil and gas refining
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsUnknown
Project Area (in hectares)0
Level of Investment (in USD)Unknown
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population0
Start Date29/11/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Agip Group from Italy
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNational Oil Spills Detection and Response Agency [NOSDRA]
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights, Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria, Oilwatch Nigeria, NACGOND
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Recreational users
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow)
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Negotiated alternative solution
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives1 Agip ensure a proper cleanup of the spill environment

2 A JIV be carried out with community folks involved and cause of spill and volume made public

3 Agip not only send relief materials to impacted communities and satellite fishing settlements, but also pay adequate compensation for general and specific damages

4 The media, human rights and environmental groups [local and international] act in solidarity with the Odioama people and demand the rights of the impacted people be upheld

5 The relevant agencies of government ensure best practices are adhered to in handling the spill.

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The Nigerian Agip Oil Company and other regulators are still investigating the cause of the spill. Although skeletal clean-ups have commenced, compensation to the fishermen and other neighboring affected communities have not be reached. So community people have been abandoned with no hope for survival, since their fishing nets and ponds have been destroyed by the spill.
Sources and Materials

National Oil Spills Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) norms


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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014