Agip Spills in Apoi community, Nigeria


Apoi community live in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. In this area, Agips Ogboinbiri Flow Station has been built. The inhabitants are predominantly fishermen and subsistence farmers. The 10th Tededaba Clough Creek pipeline, which is one of the pipelines feeding the Ogboinbiri flow station, runs across their land. The pipeline was laid down in 1980. On the 20th October 2007, the community dwellers were alerted of the rupture of the Clough Creek pipeline as a result of fire, which was caused by the freely flowing crude oil. It was not the first time though; in fact there have been a series of oil spill in the community which also caused fires. The first occurred in 1999, followed by another incident in 2005, and then in 2007. All of these spills have occurred at the same spot. Obviously the pipelines have not been properly maintained.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Agip Spills in Apoi community, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
(municipality or city/town)Apoi Community, Southern Ijaw Local Government
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The Ogboinbiri Flow Station is supposed to produce 40,000 barrels of oil per day.

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Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:20/11/2007
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action., Oilwatch Nigeria.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Landless peasants
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Oil spills
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: displacement, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Development of alternatives:-Agip Nigeria should put an immediate stop to the spill at Apoi Community. The ruptured pipeline should be replaced immediately.

-The affected area should be cleaned and the land and the environment promptly remediated.

-Adequate compensation should be made for the loss of lands and livelihood to the people of Apoi community.

-Ageing oil pipelines scattered throughout the Niger Delta should be replaced to minimize the seemingly incessant incidence of ruptures.

Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The community has suffered from several spills without clean up or compensation. The pipeline had spewed crude oil for several days before Agip finally stopped it. The vegetation around the spill site had been destroyed as a result of the fire. Several fish ponds are visibly affected by the spill. Agip has never conducted any clean up operation nor paid compensation to the affected people.

Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Oyibos Online:
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Communication from the Italian Senate:
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Oil Turmoil
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Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014