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Agips oil pipeline in Ogunugbene, Nigeria


Ogbunugbene is an Osiama Community in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, settled along the Osiama Creek/River. Agips oil pipeline also traverses the community environment, linking the Ogboinbiri Flow Station. It is a small settlement of Ijaw people whose major socioeconomic activity is fishing, farming and hunting. The spill affected nearby communities such as Umbugbene, Ondewari, and Okpotuwari. Community people are seeking for restoration of their land, and adequate compensation for their truncated livelihoods.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Agips oil pipeline in Ogunugbene, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
Location of conflict:Sagbama Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Right Action, Nigeria, Oilwatch Nigeria
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:-Agip should take responsibility of ensuring the proper clean up of the impacted swamps immediately and pay compensation for damages.
-Community leaders in the impacted communities should be very alert to ensure that the spill in the impacted areas does not go aflame, considering the fact that it would be worse for the environment if there is fire.
-The Federal Government should play an active role by ensuring that Agip carry out proper cleanup and remediation of the impacted swamps in the affected communities.
-The Federal Government and Agip should apply best practices in addressing the concerns of host communities.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Pollution is still widespread, the clean up operations were not conducted properly.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

ERA field reports
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Meta information
Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014
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