Agips Oil Spill in Abacheke Community, Nigeria


Okashikpa village is inhabited by the Abacheke community in Ohaji/Egbema Local Government area of Imo state; its a boundary town between Rivers and Imo state. In the communitys area theres a Agips Akiri/Ebocha pipeline. The people of Abacheke are mainly farmers and fishermen. Information given by the community folks indicate that Agip pipelines have been laid there since 1973 and have not been changed since then. The spill occurred due to ruptured pipelines across the communitys landscape. The resultant effects are pollution of farmlands, rivers, and destroyed livelihoods.

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Basic Data
NameAgips Oil Spill in Abacheke Community, Nigeria
ProvinceImo State
SiteOkashikpa Village, Abacheke Community Ohaji/Ebgema Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesAgip Group from Italy
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives-Agip should accept blame for their negligence which has affected farmlands and water.

-Agip should carry out a comprehensive Joint Investigation Visit (JIV) report with other relevant government agencies

-Proper compensation should be given to the affected victims of Agip negligence.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The community has been left without any due compensation from the company. Their destroyed livelihoods have not been recovered, and many farmers and fishermen have left the area to look for alternative means of survival. The oil-rich Niger Delta remains impoverished, with no schools, no health facilities, or basic infrastructure. Most food in the region is imported due to the decades of contamination of the water and soil by oil and gas companies operating in the region.
Sources and Materials

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) and NOSDRA (National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency)


Environmental Rights Action
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Salva le Foreste
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Meta Information
ContributorNnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014