Holistic Forest Conservation Program by Air France and WWF, Madagascar


In 2008, in cooperation with WWF and the GoodPlanet foundation, the French company AIR FRANCE launched a program to fight deforestation in Madagascar and invested 5 million euros in protecting more than 500,000 ha of forest. The so-called Holistic Conservation Program for Forest (HCPF) has multiple objectives: protecting endangered forests, replanting and restoring, creating new protected areas, and training local communities in the principles of sustainable management of their living heritage.

See more...
Basic Data
NameHolistic Forest Conservation Program by Air France and WWF, Madagascar
SiteFort-Dauphin, Andapa-Bealanana, Fandriana-Marolambo, Ivohibe-Vondrozo
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific CommoditiesEcosystem Services
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAIR FRANCE invested 5 milion euros (6,400,000 US$) in the project in Madagascar

More than 500,000 ha of forest to save which represents 32 million of tonnes of stored carbon that can be preserved

The sites covered by the project:

Andapa-Bealanana site 194,976 ha

Fandriana Marolambo site 24,406 ha

Ivohibe and Vondroso site 109,238 ha

Fort-Dauphin (moist forest) site 51,354 ha

Fort-Dauphin (dry forest) site 126,798 ha

29 contracts for the transfer of natural resource management (TNRM) officialized

Creation of new protected area covering 350,000 ha

Alternative techniques to slash-and-burn tested and adopted by 5,000 households giving an adoption rate of over 17%
Project Area (in hectares)515,000
Level of Investment (in USD)6,400,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesAIR FRANCE from France
Relevant government actorsMinistry for Environment and Forests, and its regional agencies, Decentralized Territorial Collectivities (CTD), Decentralized Technical Services (STD)
International and Financial InstitutionsWWF from Mexico
Fonds Français pour l'environnement mondial (FFEM) from France
Etc Terra from France
Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD) from France
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGoodPlanet Foundation
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local scientists/professionals
International scientists working on Environmental Justice, Human rights and Governance
Friends of the Earth
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Violations of human rights
OtherIncrease of ground patrols and aerial surveillance

Atmosphere of denunciation
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Development of AlternativesLocal communities have asked for fair compensation and pointed out the need for alternative techniques to slash-and-burn agriculture. Local EJOS and International scientists call for the immediate cessation of the WWF's repressive method on the ground. The Malagasy private sector suggests that International NGOs give priority to local enterprises in carbon offsetting operations. AIR FRANCE promised to help local communities to sustainably manage 140,000 hectares of forest by increasing awareness of and educate farmers living close to the forests identified for potential Transfer of Natural Resources Management (TNRM) on the social, environmental and economic importance of these transfers ; developing management plans for the forests where TNRM needs to happen ; starting all the proceedings needed to delimit TNRM and officially announce the new TNRM ; assisting local communities while they are implementing the management plan (technical, organizational and legal issues support)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The repressive method is still continuing on the ground. Only a few households have been compensated by WWF - GOODPLANET. A lot of the incoming money( which is not much) is spent on verification of carbon storage, little is left for local people. The Malagasy private sector is totally excluded. Most of the local communities do not even know what is a carbon offset and who will benefit from it.
Sources and Materials

REDD+ in Madagascar: Carbon that hides the Forest (Authors: FRIENDS OF THE EARTH and BASTA)
[click to view]

Description of project
[click to view]


Air France : reducing carbon emissions from rich can seriously affect the health of the poor
[click to view]

Greenwashing : AIR FRANCE got nominated to the PINOCCHIO PRICE for its Carbon Project in Madagascar
[click to view]

Air France and the french agency AFD renew the program PHCF in Madagascar
[click to view]

Media Links

Madagascar: Carbon Laboratory for the French company AIR FRANCE
[click to view]

Other Documents

Air France WWF GoodPlanete Program
[click to view]

Food vs Work
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update28/05/2015