Last update:

Holistic Forest Conservation Program by Air France and WWF, Madagascar


In 2008, in cooperation with WWF and the GoodPlanet foundation, the French company AIR FRANCE launched a program to fight deforestation in Madagascar and invested 5 million euros in protecting more than 500,000 ha of forest. The so-called Holistic Conservation Program for Forest (HCPF) has multiple objectives: protecting endangered forests, replanting and restoring, creating new protected areas, and training local communities in the principles of sustainable management of their living heritage.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Holistic Forest Conservation Program by Air France and WWF, Madagascar
State or province:Toliara
Location of conflict:Fort-Dauphin, Andapa-Bealanana, Fandriana-Marolambo, Ivohibe-Vondrozo
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:REDD/CDM
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific commodities:Carbon offsets
Ecosystem Services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

AIR FRANCE invested 5 milion euros (6,400,000 US$) in the project in Madagascar

See more
Project area:515,000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project6,400,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2008
Company names or state enterprises:AIR FRANCE from France
Relevant government actors:Ministry for Environment and Forests, and its regional agencies, Decentralized Territorial Collectivities (CTD), Decentralized Technical Services (STD)
International and Finance InstitutionsWWF from Mexico
Fonds Français pour l'environnement mondial (FFEM) from France
Etc Terra from France
Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD) from France
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:GoodPlanet Foundation
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local scientists/professionals
International scientists working on Environmental Justice, Human rights and Governance
Friends of the Earth
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Violations of human rights
Other socio-economic impactsIncrease of ground patrols and aerial surveillance
Atmosphere of denunciation
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Proposal and development of alternatives:Local communities have asked for fair compensation and pointed out the need for alternative techniques to slash-and-burn agriculture. Local EJOS and International scientists call for the immediate cessation of the WWF's repressive method on the ground. The Malagasy private sector suggests that International NGOs give priority to local enterprises in carbon offsetting operations. AIR FRANCE promised to help local communities to sustainably manage 140,000 hectares of forest by increasing awareness of and educate farmers living close to the forests identified for potential Transfer of Natural Resources Management (TNRM) on the social, environmental and economic importance of these transfers ; developing management plans for the forests where TNRM needs to happen ; starting all the proceedings needed to delimit TNRM and officially announce the new TNRM ; assisting local communities while they are implementing the management plan (technical, organizational and legal issues support)
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The repressive method is still continuing on the ground. Only a few households have been compensated by WWF - GOODPLANET. A lot of the incoming money( which is not much) is spent on verification of carbon storage, little is left for local people. The Malagasy private sector is totally excluded. Most of the local communities do not even know what is a carbon offset and who will benefit from it.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

REDD+ in Madagascar: Carbon that hides the Forest (Authors: FRIENDS OF THE EARTH and BASTA)
[click to view]

Description of project
[click to view]

Air France : reducing carbon emissions from rich can seriously affect the health of the poor
[click to view]

Greenwashing : AIR FRANCE got nominated to the PINOCCHIO PRICE for its Carbon Project in Madagascar
[click to view]

Air France and the french agency AFD renew the program PHCF in Madagascar
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Madagascar: Carbon Laboratory for the French company AIR FRANCE
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1335
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.