Air pollution from Makstil AD, Skopje, Macedonia

In 2014, iron smelting factory Makstil finally installed filters to reduce its air pollution, as it was demanded by the citizens of Skopje for several years.


Skopje is the capital of Macedonia and represents a typical example of an industrialized city from the ex- Yugoslavia. Most of the “socialist” era facilities are closed; however, several of them are still in operation. Considering the fact that Skopje is in a valley, environmental pollution of the air is enormously high especially during autumn months.

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Basic Data
NameAir pollution from Makstil AD, Skopje, Macedonia
CountryMacedonia, FYR
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Metal refineries
Specific CommoditiesIron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMakstil ended 2013 with a net profit of $68,100. The volume of finished goods production fell 30% to 154,282 tonnes.

The company targets are production of 120,000 tonnes of semi-finished casting products (slabs) and 180,000 tonnes of hot-rolled finished products (heavy plates) in 2014.
Project Area (in hectares)185,400
Level of Investment (in USD)24,800,000 (dust collection system)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population668,511
Start Date2008
End Date01/11/2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesMakstil AD Skopje (Makstil) from Macedonia, FYR - Owner of the plant
Duferco Group from United States of America
STG (Tecoaer) (STG) from Italy - Building of a gas filtration system in Makstil
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning of Macedonia; The State Inspectorate for Environment, Macedonia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNGO Ekosvest:; The Macedonian Green Party
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
OtherRespiratory diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Other socio-economic impacts
OtherReduced air quality
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Application of existing regulations
Fine and penalties; Filters installed
Development of AlternativesThe company representatives said that in the last two to three years Makstil factory has been working with 30% of its capacity with aim to reduce air pollution.

Green Party and citizens demanded no more penalties but rather introduction of filters following the environmental standards prescribed by the European Union. They also asked for closure of the factory until the necessary environmental improvements have been met.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The factory has installed filters.
Sources and Materials

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Law on Ambient Air Quality
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Maksteel will meet the requirements for the A integrated environmental permit according the schedule
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Links on protests in macedonian
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Makstil to Meet Requirements for "A" Integrated Environmental Permit
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INTERVIEW - Macedonia's Makstil eyes profit in 2014, to invest 10 mln euro in new equipment
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Maksteel will meet the requirements for the A integrated environmental permit according the schedule
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Companies must invest in environment
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New filtration system to reduce Maksil's pollution
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Links to "Lungs funeral" performance
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Макстил за три месеци оствари добивка од 2,1 милиони денари
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Makstil Duferco
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Makstil completes ecopermit commitments
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Jugohrom Makstil to stop operations until meeting environmental standards
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Makstil ceases operations to install filtration system
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Makstil steel mill to resume more environmentally friendly production by mid January
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Media Links

Zagaduvanje od Zelezara Skopje
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Загадување Железара Скопје
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„Макстил" престанува со работа!
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Анкета за Железара
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Макстил испушта околу 8 000 тони прашинa
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Железара закана за Скопје - Zelezara zakana za Skopje 2012
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Протест Железара (изјави на граѓани)
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Протест Железара инсерти
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Протест Железара инсерти
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Other Documents

Protests against Makstil- Skopje’s Chernobyl The sign reads “We want clean air”
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Pollution from Makstil Cloud of smoke and dust from Makstil threatening Skoplje
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Protests against Makstil The sign reads “Stop the pollution from the steel factory"
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update18/05/2016