Last update:
2014-04-08

Al Rajhi / TADCO of Saudi Arabia Purchases Land in Boghe, Brakna, Mauritania

Description:

In July 2010, the Government of Mauritania issued two public notices informing communities in Boghé and Dar El Barka that it was providing Saudi Arabias Al Rajhi Group with 50,000 ha of their lands. Provincial government published a call to local people: produce a land title and keep the land, fail to show a title and it will be sold to Al Rajhi. The Al Rajhi family is considered to be the wealthiest non-royals in Saudi Arabia. They own the Tabuk Agricultural Development Co (TADCO), one of the largest agribusiness companies in the country which, since 2008, has taken the lead within the private sector in securing farmland overseas for the King Abdullah Initiative for Saudi Agricultural Investment Abroad.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Al Rajhi / TADCO of Saudi Arabia Purchases Land in Boghe, Brakna, Mauritania
Country:Mauritania
State or province:Brakna region
Location of conflict:Boghé (Boghe Aleg) and Dar el Barka (Dar El Avia, Ould Birome, and Dar El Barka)
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific commodities:
Land
Shrimps
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Sixty villages oppose the project, and representatives have agreed to oppose by all legal means. A monitoring committee was set up by the delegates of the villages. No specific project details were found.

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Project area:50 000
Level of Investment:1,000,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:100 villages
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Tabuk Agricultural Development Co (TADCO) from Saudi Arabia
Al Rajhi International Investment Company from Saudi Arabia
The National Prawn Company from Saudi Arabia
Sojitz from Japan
Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector from Saudi Arabia
Relevant government actors:Central government (King Abdullah Initiative for Saudi Agricultural Investment Abroad)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Peuples Solidaires, http://www.peuples-solidaires.org/je-signe/?appel=9488, Comité de Suivi de la Sécurité Alimentaire, (CSSA)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Development of alternatives:Peuples Solidaires : recognize property rights of local people, discontinue state ownership of land in the region, ESIAs be carried out, and free, prior and informed consent of the people be obtained in the decision making process.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Although details are vague the project appears to be moving forward
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Saudi National Prawn Company and Aquaculture Projects in Mauritania
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, 'Mauritanie: Déclaration contre une accaparement des terres par des investisseurs saoudiens'
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, 'Investissements agricoles au Brakna : Les saoudiens à la recherche de l'or vert'
[click to view]

, 'Government of Mauritania and Al-Rajhi sign MoU to transform food security roadmap in Muslim World and collaborate on $1bn investments'
[click to view]

, 'ICD, Saudi National Prawn Company tie up for $1bn aquaculture opportunities' http:///post/view/19828
[click to view]

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Peuples Solidaires, 'Mauritanie : halte à la confiscation des terres!'
[click to view]

, 'Djigo Moussa, about the making available of land in favor of Saudi investors: This is the programmed death of the local farming ...''
[click to view]

Other comments:Information pertaining to this conflict is sparse, especially since 2011. Satellite imagery of the location shows large scale mechanized farming, but the image date to 2003 and ownership of the farm is unclear.
Meta information
Contributor:Aliza Tuttle
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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