|Environmental Impacts||Visible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills|
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
|Other Environmental impacts||Losses of wetlands, habitat, and the carbon sink of the boreal forest (second only to the Amazon in size) are other concerns not adequately understood at this time. Wildlife in the region has been heavily affected: systematic kill-offs to cull problem black bears and wolves, pollution affecting migration patterns and health of numerous bird species, and caribou herds have been declining by more than 70% since 1996. Gov of Canada estimates of 31 million tons of GHG emissions in 2005, scaling up to 92 million tones per year by 2020.|
|Health Impacts||Visible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases|
Potential: Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Deaths
|Other Health impacts||Research released in 2009 estimated that 12,000 tones of toxic particulate (Mercury, Arsenic, polycyclic aromatic compounds, heavy metals, and other carcinogenic toxins) are dispersed into the air and water annually from the bitumen up-graders of the 2 largest tar sands operators. Downstream indigenous populations are experiencing increased respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, renal failure, lupus, diabetes and rare cancers, suspected to be caused by toxics leaching from tailings ponds and air pollution. Provincial health authorities acknowledged a 30% increase in cancers from 1995-2006 in the community of Fort Chipewyan.|
|Socio-economical Impacts||Visible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place|
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
|Other socio-economic impacts||Rampant hyper-inflation and infrastructure overload in the local communities.|
Bringing in temporary foreign workers who operate with fewer rights, oversight, and are regularly injured and intimidated.
Lack of housing has created tent cities of working homeless in a severely cold environment.