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Alcoa Coal Closes in Anglesea, Australia

Alcoa coal fired power station closes with the closure of the Alcoa aluminium smelter and Alcoa being unable to find a buyer. Community action demonstrated that the power station was uneconomic and had lost its social licence.


Anglesea is a beachside town in Victoria with a population of around 2,500 people on the Great Ocean Road - one of Australia’s primary tourist destinations. Brown coal has been mined in Anglesea since 1959, and the Anglesea Power Station was established in 1969 to provide electricity to Alcoa’s Point Henry aluminium smelter (Su and Jones 2017). The open cut coal mine is 325 hectares on Crown land in a unique and biodiverse heathland and connects to the Anglesea Power Station by a three kilometre private road (Su and Jones 2017). The Anglesea Power Station employed around 85 people in 2015 (Arup and Willington 2015), had a capacity of 150 megawatts of electricity and supplied around 40% of Point Henry aluminium smelter’s energy (Su and Jones 2017).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Alcoa Coal Closes in Anglesea, Australia
State or province:Victoria
Location of conflict:Anglesea
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Alcoa Anglesea Power Station involved one steam turbine and around 1.1 million tonnes of brown coal each year to generate 150 megawatts of electricity that was transmitted to the Point Henry aluminium smelter via a 45 kilometres high-voltage line.

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Project area:7,221
Level of Investment for the conflictive project163,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:2,500
Start of the conflict:01/01/2013
End of the conflict:12/05/2015
Company names or state enterprises:Alcoa from United States of America
Relevant government actors:- Earth Resources Regulation
- Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR)
- Environment Protection Authority
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:- SCAA,
- Doctors for the Environment Australia,
- Environment Victoria,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Shareholder/financial activism.
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Other environmental related diseases
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Proposal and development of alternatives:Close the coal fired power station
Increase renewable energy
Zero carbon emissions for Victoria
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Alcoa couldn't find a buyer for the coal fired power station because coal is becoming increasingly uneconomic, particularly compared to renewables, and the community campaign directly focussed on highlighting that the power station was uneconomic and lost its social licence to operate.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Mines (Aluminium Agreement) Act 1961

National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure 1999

Minerals Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Yang Su, and David Jones, (2017), ”Healing the ‘Scar’ of the Landscape: Post-Mining Landscape in Anglesea,” in The International Conference on Design and Technology, KEG, pages 182–189. DOI 10.18502/keg.v2i2.613

Alcoa, (2016), “Fact Sheet: Anglesea Power Station and Mine Remediation Overview”, [online], Alcoa Anglesea website,, [accessed 4 March 2017]
[click to view]

Doctors for Environment Australia, (2014), “To protect health”, [online], Doctors for Environment Australia website,, [accessed 4 March 2017]
[click to view]

Alcoa, “Point Henry”, [online], Alcoa website,, [accessed 4 March 2017]
[click to view]

Surf Coast Air Action, (2013), Essential Services Commission letter, [online], Essential Services Commission website,, [accessed 3 March 2017]
[click to view]

Surf Coast Air Action, “About”, [online], Surf Coast Air Action website,, [accessed 3 March 2017]
[click to view]

Arup, T. and Willingham, R., (2015), “Alcoa to shut Anglesea coal mine and power plant”, [online], The Age website,, [accessed 4 March 2017]
[click to view]

Vorrath, S., (2014), “Alcoa plant closure delivers another blow to coal power industry”, [online], RenewEconomy website,, [accessed 4 March 2017]
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Australian Environmental Justice Project, Lisa de Kleyn, RMIT University, [email protected]
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2706
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