Algonquins of Barriere Lake Logging Conflict, Quebec, Canada


On December 3, 2013 the Algonquins of Barriere Lake non-violently stopped forestry operations that are devastating their lands in Western Quebec.

See more...
Basic Data
NameAlgonquins of Barriere Lake Logging Conflict, Quebec, Canada
SiteBarriere Lake
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsEven though the territory encompassed by the agreement is located within the La Verendrye Wildlife Reserve, it has been allocated to forest companies under long-term area-based tenures and also supports hydroelectric development and recreational hunting and fishing. There are currently 36 Timber Supply and Forest Management Agreements, or CAAFs (Contrats d’approvisionnement et d’aménagement forestier), within the area
Project Area (in hectares)1,000,000
Level of Investment (in USD)100,000,000 (annual revenues from from resource extraction, hydroelectricity and tourism operations in the territory)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population700
Start Date1990
Company Names or State EnterprisesResolute Forest Products from Canada
Eacom from Canada
Louisiana Pacific (LP) from United States of America
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Quebec

Government of Canada

Quebec Ministry of Natural Resources
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociation for Progressive Communication

Block the Empire-Montreal

Brampton Coalition for Peace and Justice

Building Bridges Human Rights Project-Vancouver

Comité de Solidarité avec les Indiens des Amériques-Nitassinan

Common Cause-Ottawa

Collectif pour L'Autonomie du Peuple Mapuche

Le Collectif Opposé à la Brutalité Policière (COBP)

Edmonton Small Press Association

Flemish Centre for Indigenous Peoples

Haiti Action Montreal

Indonesia Fisherfolk Union / Serikat Nelayan Indonesia

Industrial Workers of the World–Vancouver

Kichesipirini Algonquin First Nation

Latin America Connexions

No One is Illegal Kingston

No One is Illegal Montreal

No One is Illegal Ottawa

No One is Illegal Vancouver

Olympic Resistance Network

OPIRG Carleton

QPIRG Concordia

OPIRG Ottawa

OPIRG Toronto

Peterborough Coalition Against Poverty


Solidarity Across Borders-Montreal

Sierra Youth Coalition
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Land protection camp
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Institutional changes
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesBarriere Lake's List of Demands

1. That the Government of Canada agree to respect the outcome of a new leadership re-selection process, with outside observers, recognize the resulting Customary Chief and Council, and cease all interference in the internal governance of Barriere Lake.

2. That the Government of Canada agree to the immediate incorporation of an Algonquin language and culture program into the primary school curriculum.

3. That the Government of Canada honour signed agreements with Barriere Lake, including the Trilateral, the Memorandum of Mutual Intent, and the Special Provisions, all of which it has illegally terminated.

4. That the Government of Canada revoke Third Party Management, which was imposed unjustly on Barriere Lake.

5. That the Province of Quebec honour signed agreements with Barriere Lake, including the 1991 Trilateral and 1998 Bilateral agreements, and adopt for implementation the Lincoln-Ciaccia joint recommendations, including $1.5 million in resource-revenue sharing.

6. That the Government of Canada and the Province of Quebec initiate a judicial inquiry into the Quebec Regional Office of the Department of Indian Affairs' treatment of Barriere Lake and other First Nations who may request to be included.

7. The Government of Quebec, in consultation with First Nations, conduct a review of the recommendations of the Ontario Ipperwash Commission for guidance towards improving Quebec-First Nation relations and improving the policing procedures of the SQ when policing First Nation communities.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.While the Trilateral agreement was lauded at the time as being precedent setting, according to the community the government has not honoured the terms of the agreement.
Sources and Materials

Section 74 of the Indian Act
[click to view]


Peter Douglas Elias, Models of aboriginal communities in Canada’s north, International Journal of Social Economics
[click to view]

[1] Aziz Choudry. What's Left? Canada's 'global justice' movement and colonial amnesia. Race & Class. 2010
[click to view]


Barriere Lake Solidarity Resources (Links to all relevant sources)
[click to view]

Government of Canada, Aboriginal affairs description of the conflict
[click to view]

Media Links

The documentary Honour Your Word is an intimate portrait of life behind the barricades for the Algonquins of Barriere Lake
[click to view]

Other Documents

[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLeah Temper, ICTA-UAB, leah.temper(at)
Last update24/06/2014