Last update:
2014-04-08

Aliaga Thermal Power Plants, Turkey

Description:

The thermal power plant in Aliaga Nemrut Heavy Industrial Zone was ruled out by court decision 22 years ago. In the intervening period, the area has been contaminated by negligently increasing investments such as oil refineries, petrochemical and waste incineration facilities, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) filling facilities and storage tanks, hazardous shipbreaking yards, ports, imported coalyards, junkyards, fertilizer factories, rolling mill plants, 6 arc furnaced iron steel facilities, hazardous factory waste grounds, iron steel sub-industry and casting facilities, logistics facilities, 3 natural gas and oil fired thermic power plants. When one takes into consideration the Bakircay region, the northern axis of Izmir has been completely discarded with the pollutions of Bergama gold mine, Maltepe organized leather industrial zone, paper mill and Aliaga Organized Industrial Zone (ALOSBI). On top of these, 7 planned thermal power plants (4 are natural gas fired) cause further conflict. Among the plants, the EIA of two coal fired ones got approved while another started being constructed upon obtaining building license. Court cases against both of the thermal power plants continues; objections to the expert opinions have been refused and on 26th June 2012 the case has been reviewed by the 2nd Administrative Court of Izmir and was refused.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Aliaga Thermal Power Plants, Turkey
Country:Turkey
Location of conflict:Aliaga, Izmir
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:
Crude oil
Electricity
Coal
Ethanol
Chemical products
Natural Gas
Lead
Manufactured Products
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Existing natural gas and oil fired thermal power plants: 2080 MW.

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Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:4-5 millions of people
Start of the conflict:1989
Company names or state enterprises:IDC
ENKA from Turkey
PETKIM from Turkey
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, local authorities, (Dikili, Menemen and Foca Town Councils, Union of Aeagean Coastal Municipalities, Karliyaka Municipality
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Foca Environment and Culture Platform (FOCEP), Aegean Environment and Culture Platform (EGEEP), Aliaga Democracy Platform, TMMOB, Greenpeace, Izmir Bar Association
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Industrial workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Trade chambers, villagers
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Genetic contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Other Health impactsPoisoning land and waters
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
New legislation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Heading towards renewable energy sources
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The attempt of thermal power plant in 1990 has been halted by council of state decision.
EIA process of the 2010 project continues, 2nd Administrative Court of Izmir has refused the relevant objections and can further go to the Council of State, court cases are pending.
The EIA process of 2012 is ongoing; the others are uncertain.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Facebook group of FOCEP:
[click to view]

Blog of FOCEP:
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

One Million people sadi No in Izmir (in English):
[click to view]

[click to view]

Police Attacked Villagers after Protesting Thermal Plant (in English):
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Milliyet (Newspaper):
[click to view]

Other comments:Major actions against the plants have been taken several times, in 1989, 2010, 2012.
Meta information
Contributor:Bahadir Doguturk on behalf of BOG
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
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