Alibag SEZ in Mumbai, MH, India


Alibag (Alibaug) is a city near Mumbai (Bombay), in the state of Maharastra. In September, 2006 a Special Economic Zone was proposed at Alibag. For this purpose, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) was supposed to acquire land. The proposed SEZ was being developed by India Bulls infrastructure Development Corporation. For the purpose of SEZ government issued an extraordinary notification empowering the MIDC to acquire nearly 5,000 acres of land in 22 villages [1].

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Basic Data
NameAlibag SEZ in Mumbai, MH, India
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)2,023
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population25,000-50,000
Start Date21/09/2006
End Date25/09/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesIndiabulls Group from India
Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Maharashtra
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters'22 Gao bachao Sangharsha Samiti', SEZ Virodhi Sangarsh Samiti, Bawees Gaon Bachao Samiti
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Informal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesThe people have learnt from past experience that the benefits of projects have not been shared. They have only paid costs. So they do not sell their land to the companies at any cost [4]. The activists, urged the villagers to mobilize against the “land mafia” to protect their farms against economic and environmental degradation [2]
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Maharashtra Govt cancelled the Notification for the SEZ in area because of the opposition from the farmers in the region.
Sources and Materials

The Special Economic Zones Act, 2005
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[1] Farmers protest against SEZ
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[2] Green activists urge villagers to fight proposed economic zone
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[3]India Bulls
[click to view]

[4] Struggle against Reliance SEZ intensifies
[click to view]

Focus now on ‘smart cities’, Mumbai's satellite towns will benefit
[click to view]

Media Links

Alibag SEZ
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Other Documents

Source :
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/07/2014