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Almond Leaf Scorch in Alicante, Spain

The detection of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa on Almonds sparked criticism toward phytosanitary policies


After the alert of local Almond growers (as early as 2012), the presence of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa has been detected for the first time in the Alicante province in June 2017 on almond trees in El Castell de Guadalest (Comunitad Valenciana) 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Almond Leaf Scorch in Alicante, Spain
State or province:Alicante
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Almond
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Project area:110,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:30/06/2017
Relevant government actors:Comunitat Valenciana
Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (Ministry of Agriculture)
European Union
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:ASAJA ALICANTE
Plataforma Afectados Xylella Fastidiosa Alicante AXFA
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Food insecurity (crop damage)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Xylella fastidiosa related legislation in Spain
[click to view]

European Xylella fastidiosa related legislation
[click to view]

Núm. 1283

Resolución del consejero de Medio Ambiente, Agricultura y Pesca de 10 de febrero de 2017 por la que se prohíbe la salida desde el territorio de la isla de Eivissa hacia el resto de las Islas Baleares, de todos los vegetales para la plantación, excepto las semillas, que estén incluidos como vegetales especificados en la Decisión de ejecución (UE) 2015/789
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Xylella fastidiosa distribution detail in Spain EPPO Database
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Public demonstrations
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Other documents

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Meta information
Last update05/11/2018
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