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Almstriden, Stockholm, Sweden


In 1970 in Stockholm, Sweden, a project plan was formulated to build a subway station in Kungsträdgården. According to the plan, the building of the ticket hall and entrance would require that the 13 elm trees growing in Kungsträdgården had to be cut down.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Almstriden, Stockholm, Sweden
State or province:Uppland/Södermanland
Location of conflict:Stockholm
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to the project plan for the subway station, all of the 13 elm trees in Kungsträdgården would have to be cut down.

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Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:1970
Relevant government actors:Stockholm Stads Byggnadskontor, Stockholm Stads Gatukontor
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Alternativ Stad,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Recreational users
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Negotiated alternative solution
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Thanks to the protesters, the elm trees were not cut down.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Helldén, Daniel. 2005. Demokratin utmanas: Almstriden och det politiska etablissemanget. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Doktorsavhandling. PhD thesis. Abstract available:
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(2) Almbladet,
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(3) Almstriden, Alternativ Stad,
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(1) The battle of the Elms 1971,
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Almarna i Kungsträdgården från 1971,
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Meta information
Contributor:Linda Dubec
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:413
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